Students will be able to add small numbers using visual aids.
- Tell students they will be listening to a story about a grouchy ladybug.
- Show students the cover of The Grouchy Ladybug and read aloud the title, author, and illustrator.
- Ask students to predict what they think the story will be about.
- Ask students to share what they think the roles of the author and the illustrator are.
- Read the story.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(5 minutes)
- Project one of the prepared red circles and say, "This is a ladybug. It needs dots!"
- Draw dots on each wing (less than five dots per wing).
- Have students count the dots on one wing and write that number (an addend) below the wing.
- Repeat this for the second wing.
- Have the class count all the dots on both wings and put that number (the sum) on the line at the bottom of the ladybug.
- Read the equation, emphasizing the words "plus" and "equals".
- Explain that you just created an addition sentence.
Guided Practice(5 minutes)
- Give each student a their own "ladybug" and a marker.
- Tell students to draw five dots on one wing of their ladybug.
- Have them write the number 5 on the wing.
- Tell students to draw three dots on the other wing and write the number 3 on the second wing.
- Have them count up the total dots and put that number on the bottom.
Independent working time(5 minutes)
- Provide each student with a second ladybug.
- Have each student come up with their own addition sentence (but make sure you tell them to draw five dots or less on each wing).
- Have students work with a partner to come up with addition sentences. Draw dots on the students' wings and have them write the addition sentence to go with the dots.
- Have advanced students create addition sentences using addends greater than five.
- Walk around the room during Independent Working Time and make sure students are following directions.
- Have students each create an addition sentence in their math journals on their own.
- Observe them as they work and assess their understanding of the lesson content.
Review and closing(10 minutes)
- Have students share their ladybugs with the class and read the addition sentences they created.