Lesson Plan

Making Inferences in Nonfiction Texts

When students read nonfiction texts, they will need to make inferences using text features and quotes as evidence. Support your students using short texts as practice before diving into more complex materials like textbooks.
Need extra help for EL students? Try the Quotes with Introductory Phrases pre-lesson.
View aligned standards
Need extra help for EL students? Try the Quotes with Introductory Phrases pre-lesson.

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to make inferences based on evidence when reading nonfiction texts.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments


(5 minutes)
Nonfiction Text Features: Wild, Wild WeatherMaking Inferences About Awesome AnimalsInferences & EvidenceNonfiction Text Features: Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Write the word inference on the board and ask students to talk with a seat partner about what the word means.
  • Call on several students to share their definitions of the word. Then record a student-friendly definition on the board (e.g., a conclusion you come to based on clues in a text and your own reasoning). Remind students that an inference is something that is not explicitly stated, but has evidence to support it.
  • Explain that today students will be making inferences while reading nonfiction texts. Remind students that a nonfiction text is a book or article that give facts about a topic.
  • Ask students to share examples of nonfiction texts (e.g., textbooks, magazines, online articles, informational books).


  • Show students physical examples of nonfiction texts.


  • Display a sentence stem for student discussion, such as "I think 'inference' means..."