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Students will compare the number of objects in two groups. Students will use the words greater than, less than, or equal to compare items.
- Invite 5 students to come to the front of the class. Split them into 2 groups. The first group should have 2 students, and the other should have 3.
- Ask the class which group has more people and which one has less people.
- Provide definitions for more and less in student home language (L1).
- Ask students to point to the group with more people.
- Have the students turn and talk to share which group they think is bigger with a partner. Use the following sentence frame, "I think ____ is bigger because ____."
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Get a box of blocks, and create two groups of blocks, one with more than the other.
- Explain to your students that equal means that there is the same amount in each group, greater means more, and less means fewer.
- Call on students to compare the 2 groups using this language.
- Switch up the blocks, and do this multiple times.
- Model how to use the new language to compare the two groups.
- Have students repeat the comparison sentence after you.
- Write up the comparison number sentence on the board that corresponds with the block towers.
- Read the sentence aloud and invite students to chorally read it with you.
Guided Practice(15 minutes)
- Give your students the Count the Flowers worksheet to complete with a partner.
- Walk around the room, checking to make sure that your students are counting accurately.
- Have students work in a small group to complete the worksheet. As a group, practice counting each group to determine the total number in the group. Then, have the group practice using comparison vocabulary to describe the groups.
- In partnerships, encourage students to practice using the new vocabulary words to describe the groups.
Independent working time(15 minutes)
- Give your students the Count the Animals worksheets to complete by themselves.
- Tell your students that for this worksheet, they need to identify which group has more than the other.
- Give your students the Number Match Up worksheet to complete as well.
- When your students are finished, go over the worksheets as a class.
- Introduce one worksheet at a time. Provide instructions in clear and concise terms. Then, ask students to turn and talk to share instructions with a partner.
- Allow students to complete the worksheet in pairs.
- Have students trade worksheets with a partner when finished. Then, have them practice describing the groups using the new vocabulary words.
- Give your students the class data chart to complete. Instruct your students to count the number for each category in the class data chart and compare columns one and two. Have them circle the box that has more.
- Take out a bag of buttons. Give each student a handful, and split the handful into two groups. Have students count and compare.
- Instruct your students to take out a sheet of paper and divide it into two columns.
- Have them draw 5 circles in the first column and 4 circles in the second column.
- Ask them to circle the group with fewer items.
- Then, direct your students to draw 3 triangles in the first column and 1 triangle in the second column.
- Instruct students to circle the group with more items.
- Ask your students to draw 2 squares in the first column.
- Then, have them draw an equal number of squares in the second column. Check to make sure that your students drew two squares in the second column as well.
- Provide a prepopulated worksheet (of images) then ask students to circle the appropriate group. Say, "Circle the group with fewer birds."
- Ask students to share how to describe the two groups to a partner.
Review and closing(10 minutes)
- Play More and Fewer Kindergarten Math for Kids on your computer.
- Go around and ask your students what they learned from the video.
- Provide several key points from the video to review.
- Have students turn and talk to share with a partner using the sentence frame, "I learned ____."