More, Less, or Equal: Comparing Quantities
Students will compare the number of objects in two groups. Students will use the words greater than, less than, or equal to compare items.
- Invite 5 students to come to the front of the class. Split them into 2 groups. The first group should have 2 students, and the other should have 3.
- Ask the class which group has more people and which one has less people.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Get a box of blocks, and create two groups of blocks, one with more than the other.
- Explain to your students that equal means that there is the same amount in each group, greater means more, and less means fewer.
- Call on students to compare the 2 groups using this language.
- Switch up the blocks, and do this multiple times.
Guided Practice(15 minutes)
- Give your students the Count the Flowers worksheet to complete with a partner.
- Walk around the room, checking to make sure that your students are counting accurately.
Independent working time(15 minutes)
- Give your students the Count the Animals worksheets to complete by themselves.
- Tell your students that for this worksheet, they need to identify which group has more than the other.
- Give your students the Number Match Up worksheet to complete as well.
- When your students are finished, go over the worksheets as a class.
- Take out a bag of buttons. Give each student a handful, and split the handful into two groups. Have students count and compare.
- Give your students the class data chart to complete. Instruct your students to count the number for each category in the class data chart and compare columns one and two. Have them circle the box that has more.
- Instruct your students to take out a sheet of paper and divide it into two columns.
- Have them draw 5 circles in the first column and 4 circles in the second column.
- Ask them to circle the group with fewer items.
- Then, direct your students to draw 3 triangles in the first column and 1 triangle in the second column.
- Instruct students to circle the group with more items.
- Ask your students to draw 2 squares in the first column.
- Then, have them draw an equal number of squares in the second column. Check to make sure that your students drew two squares in the second column as well.
Review and closing(10 minutes)
- Play the video "More and Fewer Kindergarten Math for Kids" on your computer (see related media).
- Go around and ask your students what they learned from the video.