Movies vs. Text
Students will be able to identify how a production team departs or stays faithful to the original text by evaluating its omissions and inclusions.
- Begin the lesson by asking students to turn to others nearby and analyze each other's faces and physical features.
- Then, ask them to each pull out a pencil and sheet of lined paper.
- Inform them that they will each have one minute to respectfully sketch the person in front of them, but that there is one rule: They may not look down at their paper while doing so.
- Give students one minute to complete the activity.
- Allow them to exchange sketches and discuss the similarities between the real person and the one on the paper.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(15 minutes)
- Write the words omission and inclusion on the board.
- Tell students that sometimes, artists include features from a particular model exactly as they are, and that sometimes, they omit or erase certain features.
- Tell them that authors and writers are no different, as they too can omit or include certain details and characteristics when writing stories or screenplays.
- Inform the students that today their job will be to analyze the inclusions and omissions between text and film.
- Encourage them to be on the lookout for the 5 Ws (who, what, where, when, and why) in each story.
- Provide each student with a copy of The Princess and the Pea worksheet and have a volunteer read it to the classroom.
- Once she's finished reading, ask the students to turn to their partners and discuss the 5Ws in the story.
Guided Practice(90 minutes)
- Inform the students that they will now watch Once Upon a Mattress, which is a movie based on the text they just read.
- Encourage them to take notes of the 5 Ws and to look out for omissions or inclusions.
Independent working time(30 minutes)
- Provide each student with a copy of the Text to Film worksheet.
- Have students complete the worksheet independently.
- Enrichment: Challenge above level students by asking them to each write a short, one page remake of the Princess and the Pea with various inclusions and omissions.
- Support: Allow students below level to use a Fairy Tale Story Map worksheet to help them draw or write their responses for both the film and text.
- Have each student exchange her completed worksheet with a partner.
- Discuss the answers as a class as students grade the worksheets.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Allow students time to reflect on their learning by answering the following questions in pairs: What is omission? What is inclusion? Which character in the film are you most like?