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- Students will be able to identify and describe multiple-meaning words.
- Ask the class what it means to have a multiple-meaning word.
- Once the class has a chance to discuss, sum up their thoughts by telling them multiple-meaning words are words that sound or are spelled the same, but have different meanings.
- Show the book Good Work, Amelia Bedelia to your students and tell them to watch and listen for something that could fit the multiple-meaning description.
- Read the story.
- Preview the lesson by reading the text and identifying the multiple-meaning words.
- Check for any unusual or unfamiliar ideas or words contained in the text and provide context and support for student understanding.
- Provide individual copies of the text for students to read during the read aloud.
- Highlight the mutliple meaning words by recording them on chart paper as you read.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(3 minutes)
- Show students some examples of multiple-meaning words. For example:
- "In the Fall, leaves turn orange and fall to the ground."
- "Their family got there safely."
- "It was windy on the windy road.*
- Tell the students that they are going to take what they've learned about multiple-meaning words and put some multiple-meaning words into their own work.
- Model telling a story using a pair of multiple-meaning words. Be sure to clarify the character's thoughts, feelings, or ideas in your storytelling.
- Provide additional examples of homophones and homonyms to students and explain how they are similar and different.
- Encourage students to think about other multiple-meaning words that they use in everyday speech.
- Provide a list of simple multiple-meaning words for students to use in their stories. Review the words and make sure they understand the two meanings that relate to each word.
- Have students practice using the example multiple-meaning words in sentences verbally with a partner.
Guided Practice(10 minutes)
- Allow students to brainstorm with seat neighbors some different multiple-meaning words that they could use in their own writing. Have them write down all their ideas.
- Have students choose their multiple meaning words. Then, have them take turns orally sharing a story with their partner. Tell partners to describe the events that happen in the story out loud and clarify the character's thoughts, feelings, or ideas in their storytelling.
- Strategically pair students together with a sympathetic non-EL.
- Provide a word bank of words for students to reference.
- Provide sentence starters and a visual word bank for students to utilize as they come up with additional multiple-meaning words.
Independent working time(20 minutes)
- Hand out writing paper and have students write a short story (about a paragraph) using at least one pair of multiple-meaning words.
- Ask students to add a drawing to their story to clarify the thoughts, ideas, or feelings of the character in the story.
- Form partnerships to share their completed story and drawing with each other. Allow them to make adjustments based on partner feedback.
- Work with a small group of students to write a shared story containing 4–5 multiple-meaning words.
- Encourage students to share their ideas verbally and identify how to use the words in the story.
- Practice identifying the difference between homonyms and homophones with your students by circling the homophones and underlining the homonyms from the anchor chart created earlier in the lesson.
- Challenge advanced students by requiring more than one example in their piece or require a more complex piece.
- Students who need support can use more simplistic pairs of multiple-meaning words drawn up by the teacher and magazines to cut pictures out.
- Observe students' brainstorming discussions and story descriptions to check for understanding of the lesson.
- Collect and grade writing pieces.
- Ask students to share their sentences and/or story ideas with you to assess their understanding and ability to use multiple-meaning words.
- Collect student work samples and assess if students were able to accurately use multiple-meaning words in a story.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Collect writing when finished.
- Choose volunteers to share their stories and drawing descriptions with the classes.
- Make a class book with their finished work. The class can refer back to it throughout the year.
- Share out additional examples of multiple-meaning words and review any areas of confusion.
- Have students turn and share a sentence with a partner using one of the multiple-meaning words.