Lesson Plan

Multiply by 5

Help your students discover patterns when multiplying by five.
Need extra help for EL students? Try the Strategy Work: Skip Counting to Multiply pre-lesson.
View aligned standards
Need extra help for EL students? Try the Strategy Work: Skip Counting to Multiply pre-lesson.

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to multiply single digit numbers by five and check that their answer ends in a five or zero.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments


(5 minutes)
Hundreds ChartMystery Number 5 ChartMultiply by 5 Practice
  • Show your students the first row of the Mystery Number 5 chart, while covering the rest of the chart with a piece of paper.
  • Tell students that you want them to give a thumbs up once they think they have figured out what the mystery number is.
  • Display one equation at a time, and read it aloud to your students.
  • Call on students to share their answer after most of them are showing a thumbs up or you have shown the whole list of equations.
  • Tell students that the mystery number five is special because lots of things come in groups of five.
  • Ask students to share things that come in fives. For example, there are five fingers on a hand, five oceans of the Earth, nickels are five cents, quintuplets are five people, a school week is five days, and clocks have minutes grouped in fives.
  • Explain that today they are going to use the strategy of skip-counting by fives to find the answer to multiplication problems with the number five.


  • Allow students to utilize a hundreds chart or multiplication chart.
  • Have learners talk to a partner about their thoughts in their home language (L1) or English.


  • Review the term mystery by providing a student-friendly definition, visual, and some examples.
  • Give students additional time to determine the mystery number, and allow them to use a whiteboard or scratch paper as a support.