Lesson Plan

Nonfiction Comprehension: Cause and Effect

What is the cause, and what is the effect? Use this resource to teach your students how to identify examples of cause and effect in nonfiction text.
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the Signal Cause and Effect pre-lesson.
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the Signal Cause and Effect pre-lesson.

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to identify and describe cause and effect relationships in informational text.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments

Introduction

(5 minutes)
Manatee FactsCause and Effect Graphic Organizer
  • Tell students that they are going to be working in partners for most of today's lesson, and they will play a matching game to find out who their partner is.
  • Give each student an index card with part of a cause and effect relationship on it. Explain that they will look for a partner with a card that creates a complete cause and effect statement or relationship. Tell the class that when they find their partner, they should sit together with their whiteboards and whiteboard markers out. Give them time to find their partners and get settled.
  • Call on a few partnerships to read aloud their cause and effect statement or relationship.
  • Read aloud the learning objective, and explain that the matching activity was looking at cause and effect relationships in general, and today's lesson will be about looking at cause and effect in nonfiction texts.

Beginning:

  • Include images on the cause and effect cards to assist students as they locate their partner.

Intermediate:

  • Provide a written and visual student-friendly definition of cause and effect before asking students to create cause and effect relationships to find their partner.