Lesson Plan

Nonfiction Comprehension: Compare and Contrast

Teach your students to compare and contrast to boost their comprehension! Use this lesson to teach your students to compare and contrast information from two nonfiction texts on the same topic.
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the Adjectives: Comparative and Superlative pre-lesson.
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the Adjectives: Comparative and Superlative pre-lesson.

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to compare and contrast information from two nonfiction texts on the same topic.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments

Introduction

(3 minutes)
Graphic Organizer Template: Venn DiagramCompare and Contrast Whales
  • Hold up a pencil and a pen. Ask students to think about what is the same and what is different about each of the items.
  • Instruct students to turn and talk to a partner about what is the same about the two items. Then, share out as a class.
  • Have them turn and talk to a different partner about what is different about the two items. Share out as a class.
  • Tell students that they just used an important reading skill, comparing and contrasting, to look at two different things. Explain that this is a powerful strategy for readers because it helps our brains make connections between ideas and information.
  • Read aloud the learning objective and have students repeat it.

Beginning:

  • Have students hold and manipulate the pen and pencil to explore before noting similarities and differences.
  • Pair students with a supportive peer or one that speaks the same home language (L1).

Intermediate:

  • Provide students with sentence stems, such as "They are different/the same because ________."