One, Two, Three Resources!
Students will be able to define and compare natural, capital, and human resources and identify those used by the Ox-Cart Man to produce his goods.
Introduction (10 minutes)
- Begin the lesson by asking the students if they know what a resource is. Call on a few students who want to make educated guesses.
- After some discussion, define resource as a thing we use to get or make what we need.
- Explain that there are different kinds of resources that help our community flourish: natural resources, capital resources, and human resources.
- Ask your class if anyone can guess what a natural resource is. After a few answers, explain that a natural resource is a material or substance that comes from nature, and is used to produce a good or product. Give your class some examples of natural resources. For example: trees, water, land, rocks, etc.
- Challenge your students to define a capital resource. After some guessing, define a capital resource as a thing that's made and used to produce other goods and services. Give your class some examples of capital resources. For example: tools, buildings, machines, equipment, etc.
- Finally, ask your class what a human resource is. Define human resource as the people and effort used to produce goods and services. Give your class some examples of human resources. For example: doctors, cashiers, farmers, factory workers, etc.
- Explain that today, the class will be listening to a story about a man whose family uses all three kinds of resources to create many products.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (15 minutes)
- Read the story Ox-Cart Man aloud to your class, stopping when the ox-cart man reaches Portsmouth Market.
- Stop at the mention of each product, and identify it as a natural, human, or capital resource.
- Ask the students some comprehension questions. For example: Why do you think the Ox-Cart man sold the ox and cart? Why did he buy things like the knife and the embroidery needle?
- Finish reading the book.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)
- Create a four-column chart on the whiteboard, or using an interactive whiteboard, document camera, or projector.
- Label the columns, in this order: Product, Natural Resources, Capital Resources, and Human Resources.
- Ask a student to choose a product that the Ox-Cart man sold at Portsmouth Market.
- Guide them through brainstorming the resources the Ox-Cart man used to create that product. List those resources in their appropriate columns on the chart.
Independent Working Time (15 minutes)
- Have the students, individually or in groups, create a chart like the one displayed to the class. Instruct them to add 4 more products from the book, along with the resources used to create them.
- Instruct each group (or student) share one of their entries with the class.
- Enrichment: Challenge advanced students to add a modern-day equivalent of one of the Ox-Cart Man's products to their charts.
- Support: Have students who are struggling focus on the products that are most explicitly described in the story for their charts. Alternatively, you can sit down with these students in a small group, and do a few more examples together. Be sure to scaffold each answer with why it belongs in the category that it does.
Assessment (5 minutes)
- To assess understanding, circulate around the room as the students are working and ask questions about the entries on their charts.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Have volunteers define each of the vocabulary terms for the class.
- Remind the children that items are produced using a combination of all three resources.