Students will be able to identify prepositions and prepositional phrases.
Introduction (10 minutes)
- Explain to the class that a preposition is a word that specifies location. Some examples of prepositions are "near," "above," and "before." Note that prepositions can also indicate location in time. A prepositional phrase is the combination of a preposition and its object. In the sentence "The dog is sitting near the tree," the prepositional phrase is "near the tree."
- On the board, write three sentences that include prepositions.
- Ask students to copy the sentences down, circle the prepositions, underline the prepositional phrases, and draw an arrow from the preposition to its object.
- Give students 5-10 minutes to complete this warm-up.
- Go over the answers.
- Explain that this lesson will involve finding prepositional phrases in a multi-paragraph written sample.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)
- Hand out copies of the Reading Comprehension: The Secret Garden worksheet to students.
- Model the process of reading the text on the worksheet using your own copy and a document camera.
- Read up to the first semicolon.
- Underline the following prepositional phrases: "for Mary Lennox," "like the others," "in her tapestried room," and "upon the hearth."
- Slowly circle the prepositions. Then, draw arrows from the prepositions to their objects. Make sure to explain your actions as you go.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (15 minutes)
- Have students go through the passage and mark up the prepositional phrases that they find.
- As they work, highlight the phrases on your own copy. Pace yourself so that you finish highlighting after 15 minutes.
- Have students stop working once you're done.
- Mark up all the sentences you highlighted to reveal the answers for the exercise, and have students correct their own passages.
Independent Working Time (15 minutes)
- Have students re-read the excerpt and answer the questions on the worksheet.
- Enrichment: Students who complete their worksheet early can be given the challenge of using the four vocabulary words (tapestried, hearth, moor, and heather) in sentences on the backs of their worksheets. Remind them to make sure that the sentences contain context clues for understanding the word.
- Support: Have struggling students focus on circling the prepositions in the passage. They can underline and draw arrows if there's enough time remaining, but their goal should just be to find the prepositions before time is up.
Assessment (10 minutes)
- Circulate the room during Independent Working Students to identify and help struggling students. Keep an eye out for students who seem to need an extra challenge.
- Return to your worksheet and camera. Ask students to share their answers as you reveal the correct answer for each question.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Go over the definitions of "preposition" and "prepositional" phrase once again.
- Allow students to ask questions and give comments about the lesson content.