Students will be able to reproduce and extend a pattern using various objects.
Introduction (10 minutes)
- Have students come together as a group.
- To motivate the students, begin by saying that "Today, we will be learning about patterns. Look around the room. Can anyone identify a pattern?"
- If no one knows what a pattern is, then make a simple pattern on the whiteboard, e.g. circle, triangle, circle, triangle, circle, triangle.
- Alternate differently colored markers to make the pattern more easily identifiable.
- Inform the students that this is a pattern of circles and triangles.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)
- Draw five different simple patterns on the board. Use various geometric shapes and objects to create bright, colorful patterns. (This can also be done in advance.)
- At the end of each pattern, one or two spaces should be blank. For example, heart, square, heart, square, heart, ___.
- As a group, have the students call out the shape or object by its name and color.
- When you get to the end ask who knows what the last shape or object should be.
- Have the students give the correct answer and the teacher can draw in the space.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)
- Have the students return to their desks.
- Provide the students with construction paper and glue.
- Ask the students to each create a simple pattern with foam geometric shapes.
Independent Working Time (10 minutes)
- Provide each student with a copy of the Cut It Out! worksheet and a pencil. (You can either pre-cut the picture pieces at the bottom of the page for each student or have the students cut out their own pictures.)
- Read the instructions from the worksheet to the students.
- Once students have cut out their picture pieces, have them complete their worksheet by gluing on the correct object were needed.
- Enrichment: Provide advanced students with more complex patterns, such as the ones on the Circle Up! worksheets.
- Support: Cut out struggling students' pictures for them, and allow them to work together to complete their assignments.
Assessment (10 minutes)
- Have the students each create a complete pattern with two different shapes.
Review and Closing (10 minutes)
- Have the students listen to the story Busy Bugs: A Book About Patterns.
- Ask students to identify the patterns on the butterflies and ladybugs.