Students will be able to properly punctuate dialogue with commas, quotation marks, and end marks.
- Ask students to share what they know about dialogue.
- Explain that writers use dialogue to show conversations in their writing.
- Remind students that quotation marks, which are used to contain dialogue ("like this") always come in pairs.
- Go over the 4 types of sentences: declarative (makes a statement), interrogative sentence (asks a question), exclamatory (shows strong emotion), and imperative (gives a command).
- Tell students these four types are punctuated differently.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(15 minutes)
- Hand out copies of the Say What? worksheet.
- Give students about 10 minutes to complete it.
- Display the answer sheet using the document camera.
- At this point, introduce students to speech tags, or phrases like "he said," "Mom asked," and "Sally cried," which are placed before or after dialogue.
- Show that all speech tags are separated by commas or end marks. Because they're not part of the quotations, they must be separated from them.
Guided Practice(10 minutes)
- Have students go through their worksheets and underline all the speech tags.
- Have the students circle all end marks or commas that separate the speech tag from the rest of the sentence.
- Go over the answers on the document camera.
Independent working time(15 minutes)
- Hand out copies of the Quotation Marks worksheet.
- Tell students to use their marked up Say What? worksheets to help them complete the new worksheets.
- Give students time to work independently, and check in with struggling students.
- Enrichment: Advanced students can be asked to write five sentences with dialogue instead of (or after completing) the Quotation Marks worksheet. Challenge students who need a greater challenge to insert the speech tag in the middle of one of their sentences.
- Support: Pull struggling students aside and complete the first three questions of the Quotation Marks worksheet together with them. This will help them become more familiar with the process of punctuating.
- Circulate the room and informally assess students as they work.
- If there's enough time available, go over the answers to the worksheet on the document camera once students are done working.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Review the definitions of the key terms.
- Remind students to keep their writing properly punctuated.