Lesson plan

Quarters and Cents

Introduce students to the quarter in this hands-on lesson. This is a great way to reinforce double digit addition.
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Students will be able to recognize a quarter, know its value, and add quarters together to find the total amount of money.

(10 minutes)
  • Call the students together as a group.
  • Ask the students to name the different values of coins.
  • Reinforce that coins include pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters.
  • Inform the students that today they are going identify and count quarters.
  • Ask students if they know the value of a quarter.
  • Reiterate that the quarter is worth 25 cents.
(10 minutes)
  • Inform your students that a quarter is equal to 25 pennies, 5 nickels, or 2 dimes and 1 nickel.
  • Show this with the pretend money.
  • Inform your students that it is easier to carry 25 cents as a quarter than 25 pennies.
  • Show students the visual of one quarter versus 25 pennies.
  • Explain that both values are equal.
  • Show students 2 quarters.
  • Ask students to identify the value of two quarters.
  • On the whiteboard, add 25 cents + 25 cents in a vertical equation.
  • Solve the addition equation with the class.
  • Inform the students that 50 cents is equal to 50 pennies, 5 dimes, or 10 nickels.
  • Ask the students the value of three quarters.
(10 minutes)
  • Place students in pairs to work.
  • Give each pair three small cups with varying amounts of quarters in them, up to five.
  • Ask the students to complete three separate equations by adding the quarters in each cup.
  • For example, cup 1's equation could be 25 cents + 25 cents= 50 cents. Cup 2's equation could be 25 cents + 25 cents + 25 cents = 75 cents, and cup 3's equation could be 25 cents + 25 cents + 25 cents + 25 cents = 100 cents.
  • Tell the students that 100 cents is equal to one dollar.
  • Walk around the room, and monitor the pairs of students.
  • Select one or two pairs to come to the whiteboard and demonstrate how they came to their answers.
(10 minutes)
  • Give each student the Quarters and Cents worksheet.
  • Read the instructions to the students.
  • Give the students time to complete the worksheet.
  • Enrichment: Give the students more than 5 quarters in their cups to add.
  • Support: Give the students fewer than three quarters in their cups to add. Provide pennies to help them count. These can be used as manipulatives.
(10 minutes)
  • Grade the worksheet completed during independent work time.
  • Give feedback, and allow for reinforcement if the students did not master the concept.
(10 minutes)
  • Ask students the value of a quarter.
  • Ask how many quarters make 50 cents.
  • Ask how many quarters make 75 cents and 100 cents.
  • Show the students a penny, a nickel, a dime, and a quarter.
  • Ask them to identify which one is a quarter.

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