Lesson plan

Roll the Die! All About Probability

Students will have fun as they explore the world of probability using dice in this introductory math lesson.
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Students will identify the probability of outcomes using a die.

(15 minutes)
  • Explain to students that they will be learning about a statistic called probability.
  • Write the word "Probability" and the definition, the likelihood that something will happen, on the board.
  • Hold up a die and ask the students how many numbers are on the die.
  • Roll the die a few times and record the numbers rolled on the board.
  • Lead a conversation with the students to discuss the probability of how likely it is to roll a number until students realize the probability of rolling any number on a die is 1/6.
(5 minutes)
  • Display the Roll the Die! worksheet for the class to see.
  • Hand out the Roll the Die! worksheets to your class and read the directions.
  • Hand out the dice.
  • Model to the students how to properly roll the die so that it stays on their desks and explain any other expectations you have for their handling of dice.
  • Model to the students how to record the tally marks on their sheet by rolling the die and tallying the marks on the display.
(20 minutes)
  • Instruct the students to complete the table on the Roll the Die! worsheet.
  • Walk the room and monitor students and assist as needed.
  • Once students have finished rolling, ask for volunteers to share the amount of times they rolled the die for each number and their total number of rolls.
  • Show students how to convert their number of rolls for each number and the total number of rolls into a fraction.
  • Instruct students to complete the Roll the Die! worksheet.
(10 minutes)
  • Hand out the Heads or Tails worksheet for the students to independently complete.
  • Walk around the room to assist students as necessary.
  • Enrichment: Challenge advanced students to create a graph of the Roll the Die! table on a separate piece of graph paper.
  • Support: Allow students who need support to work in pairs or in a group during independent work time.
  • Use the completed Roll the Die! and Heads or Tails worksheets as an informal assessment.
(10 minutes)
  • Display the Heads or Tails worksheet and go through the worksheet together with the class or have students volunteer answers after independent work time.

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