Lesson Plan

Same Sound, Different Location

Learning that letters make the same sounds whether they are at the beginning or end of words can make a big difference in young students' understanding of letters and their ability to read!
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the What Do You Hear? pre-lesson.
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the What Do You Hear? pre-lesson.

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to identify letters and letter sounds at the beginning and end of words.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments


(5 minutes)
  • Call students together.
  • Write the word pop on the board.
  • Ask students to identify the first letter in the word (Students should say "P").
  • Have students form this letter with their bodies.
  • As a whole group, make the sound the letter P makes.
  • Then, have students look at the last letter in the word. Ask students to identify this letter. (They should recognize that this is also a P.)
  • Have students work with a partner to form the letter with both of their bodies. Have students whisper the p sound in unison once everyone has formed the letter with their partner.
  • Explain to students that, just like when they made the letter themselves or with a partner, the letter P always makes the same sound no matter where they see it in a word. While there are some special exceptions to this rule, explain to students that most letters make the same sound whether they are at the beginning or the end of a word. Using this information, sound out the word pop as a class.


  • Review the alphabet using a letter chart that contains corresponding images.
  • Go over each of the sounds letters make, having students say the sound chorally after you.


  • Model how to make a letter using your body before having students attempt to do this on their own.