Sentence Combining: Subjects and Verbs
Students will learn to combine similar elements, such as subjects or verbs, in sentences.
- Begin the lesson by explaining to your students that you are going to teach them to combine elements in sentences.
- Remind that them these elements are subjects, or the topics of sentences, and verbs, or the actions that the subject performs.
- Explain that sentence combing, or putting short sentences together to make longer ones, will make their writing smoother.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Tell students that they can combine subjects in a sentence.
- Tell them that they can combine verbs too.
- On the board, write examples of sentences that need combining. For example: Kat wanted to buy a new book. Dylan wanted to buy a new book.
- Ask students to read the sentences aloud. Discuss the boring aspect of the sentences. Potential questions include: What sounds repetitive? What could you do to make it sound less boring?
- Solicit their help in combining the elements and making revisions.
- Ask students to read the revised sentences aloud to recognize the improvement. For example: Kat and Dylan wanted to buy a new book.
Guided Practice(15 minutes)
- Distribute the worksheet, and complete the first question of Exercise 1 together.
- Clarify any questions.
- Direct your students to complete the rest of Exercise 1 independently.
Independent working time(15 minutes)
- Instruct your students to complete Exercises 1 and 2 of the worksheet.
- Have students take out their notebooks and write 10 sentences containing combined subjects.
- Then, direct them to write 10 sentences with combined verbs.
- As a challenge, have students write 10 sentences with combined subjects and verbs in one sentence.
- Enrichment: Have students write brief personal narratives that include simple, boring sentences. Ask them to exchange their narratives with a partner. Direct the partners to revise the narratives by combining subjects, verbs, or both.
- Support: Write the combined subjects or combined verbs on sticky notes to help students combine the elements.
- Display the answers to the worksheet.
- Have students correct their worksheets.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Discuss how students can identify sentences that need elements combined.
- Ask one student to come up with a sentence.
- Have another student come up with a very similar sentence.
- Instruct the next student to combine those sentences to make it more exciting!