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- Students will be able to use prepositional phrases to lengthen sentences.
- Students will be able to construct sentences that include greater elaboration and depth of meaning.
- Give students a simple sentence such as the following: "The girls went shopping."
- Invite students to share anything that they wonder about the sentence. Where did the girls go shopping? What time did the girls go shopping?
- Tell the students that prepositional phrases can be used to extend sentences, give more information, and to clarify (or make details more clear).
- Explain that they will be learning how to expand and extend their sentences using prepositional phrases.
Explicit instruction/Teacher modeling(5 minutes)
- Explain that prepositional phrases usually show the relationship between a noun and other words in the sentence. This can include giving more information about the time, place, or direction.
- Using several simple sentences (or suggested sentences from the lesson plan attachment), show the students how you can use prepositions and corresponding prepositional phrases to lengthen the sentences.
- Write each simple sentence on a piece of chart paper and then show the students how you can transform that sentence into a longer sentence using a prepositional phrase that shows place, time, or direction.
Guided practice/Interactive modeling(5 minutes)
- Tell the students that they will be practicing creating longer sentences using shorter sentences.
- Explain that each student will be given an index card or sentence strip and their task is to find a person with a card that completes and makes their sentence longer.
- Distribute one card to each student.
- Invite students to mix and mingle around the room, working on forming a sentence.
- Once students are finished, invite pairs of students to come to the front of the room and share the sentences that they created.
- If desired, place the two sentence parts on a single line of a pocket chart to form a complete sentence.
Independent working time(10 minutes)
- Ask the students to complete the Powerful Prepositions worksheet.
- Circulate around the room and provide assistance as needed.
- Guide students in creating visuals that help them match preposition use in context or provide additional visuals for the students.
- Invite students to brainstorm other ways that they can bring greater meaning to sentences, such as including additional adverbs and adjectives to describe verbs and nouns.
- Ask students to complete the Preposition Placement worksheet.
- Use an interactive whiteboard to write sentences on the board and color code them, labeling and highlighting different parts of a sentence.
- Invite students to work collaboratively on extending sentences within a shared document.
- Ask the students to complete the Sentence Stretching worksheet.
- Circulate around the room to check sentence formations.
- Provide additional probing and instruction as needed for students to extend sentences and provide greater detail.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Lead the students in a brief discussion.
- Ask the students how prepositions can enrich a sentence and provide deeper meaning.