Lesson Plan

Similes and Metaphors: Comparisons Done Right

Your little poets will love how their creative writing abilities will grow with this lesson about similes and metaphors. Students engage in fun activities to learn about similes and metaphors and write comparisons as directed.
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Learning Objectives

Students will be able to identify and explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors in context.


(10 minutes)
  • Tell students that a good way to improve their descriptive writing is to use comparisons. There are two common types of comparisons people use when writing. These comparisons are called metaphors and similes.
  • Tell your students that a simile is a comparison that uses the words "like" or "as." Write “She is as busy as a bee.” on the board. Ask for a volunteer to explain what that comparison means.
  • Tell your students that a metaphor is a word or group of words that compares two people, animals, things, or places. Write "The classroom was a zoo when the substitute teacher was there." on the board. Ask a volunteer to explain this comparison.
  • Make anchor charts to display the rules of simile or metaphor comparisons if desired.

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fourth grade
Subject Reading & Writing