Lesson Plan

Similes, Metaphors, and Idioms of Figurative Language

Similes, metaphors, and idioms are some of the most widely used literary devices in both speaking and writing. Students will review each of these and practice creating some of their own.
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Learning Objectives

Students will be able to identify and create similes, metaphors, and idioms.


(5 minutes)
  • Write these terms on the board: simile, metaphor, and idiom.
  • Distribute a blank piece of paper to partners or table groups and have students divide the paper into three columns. Have them title each column with one of the literary devices.
  • With a partner or table group, call on students’ prior knowledge by having them discuss and write what they know about each of these literary devices on their sheets under each column. Have them add examples of each, if possible.
  • Ask table groups to report to the class what their group thinks each one is.

Related Guided Lesson

Informational Text 3

3 online exercises
5 printable worksheets
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fourth grade
Subject Reading & Writing