Students will be able to explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.
Students will be able to identify which reasons and evidence support which point.
Tell students that today they will be reading informational texts and making inferences about the author’s message. We will be thinking about the claim that the author is making and explaining how the author supports it with reasons and evidence.
Ask students to think about what a “claim” might be.
Have students talk to a learning partner about their definition of claim.
Call on students to share what they think claim means.
Tell students that when an author makes a claim, he or she is saying that something is true.
As we read, we have to think about the information the author is giving us. In nonfiction, a good author will make a claim and then support the claim with reasons and evidence to make us believe what he or she is saying.
We have to ask:
What is the author’s message?
What does the author want me to believe after reading this passage?
Why did the author write this?
What claim is the author making?
As we consider the author’s claim, or argument, we weigh the evidence that he or she is using to support it. This is just like looking for the main idea and supporting details.