Lesson plan

Stone Age

Excite your students with knowledge of the past by showing them a film and pretending to live in the past! In this lesson, your students will learn about the Stone Age.
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With this social studies lesson plan, Stone Age your first graders will have an opportunity to travel back in time. Using a prehistoric-era film such as The Croods, children will observe the setting, characters' actions, and food they are eating. Young learners are introduced to the history of the caveman and how they used animal skins for clothing, discovered fire, painted the walls of their caves, and more! Then, using a table and butcher paper, kids will transform into cave people and crawl into and paint the "walls" of their "caves."

Students will be able to understand how people lived in the Stone Age.

(30 minutes)
  • Show the class a little bit of The Croods film or another movie based in prehistoric times.
  • Ask your students questions about what they see, such as the setting. Potential guiding questions include: What are people doing? How are they gathering food?
(10 minutes)
  • Explain to your students that during the Stone Age, people lived in caves, and they followed and hunted animals to eat and use skin for clothing. Tell them that they discovered fire during this time period, painted the walls of their caves, and used different types of handmade tools and weapons.
  • Have your students repeat these facts to each other to solidify their memory.
(25 minutes)
  • In this part of the lesson, your students will pretend that they are cavemen.
  • Putting many tables together, cover the tops and bottoms of the tables in paper.
  • Instruct your students to use their fingers to paint laying on the floor, painting on the "walls" of the "cave."
  • Encourage your students to draw pictures of scenes they saw in the movie. Have them imagine what it might be like to live during the Stone Age.
(15 minutes)
  • Give your students different colors to use, and encourage them to draw on paper all the things they have learned. Instruct them to write words and facts as well.
  • Through a mind map, have them draw lines from their drawings and pieces of information indicating connections between ideas.
  • Enrichment: Instruct your students to write a letter to a caveman showing him the difference between the way he lives and how people live now.
  • Support: Encourage your students to just draw pictures rather than write facts or words on their mind maps.
(10 minutes)
  • Play a game of true or false with your students with the facts you discussed today.
  • Offer the following statements: In the Stone Age people lived in huts. (F) In the Stone Age people discovered fire. (T) In the Stone Age people went shopping for food. (F) In the Stone Age people were nomads, going from one place to another to follow animals. (T) In the Stone Age people hunted to eat and use the animal skin. (T)
(5 minutes)
  • Ask your students to present their work to the rest of the class.

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