Lesson plan

Story vs. Poem

What makes a poem a poem? And what makes a story a story? In this lesson, students learn to distinguish between different types of texts while analyzing the sentences and words they encounter.
Grade Subject View aligned standards

Students will be able to analyze poems and stories to determine text type and features.

(15 minutes)
  • Read aloud the story that you chose.
  • Ask: “What kind of book is this?” Tell students that it is a fictional story. Explain that fictional stories are made up. They have characters and beginning, middles, and ends.
(10 minutes)
  • Write a sentence from the book on the board. Tell students that sentences have at least subjects (usually a noun) and verbs. Sentences contain complete thoughts and end with periods, exclamation points, or question marks.
  • Now read the poem aloud. Write the poem, or a portion of it, on the board.
  • Ask: “Does this poem look like the sentences in the story? Why or why not?” Explain that poems often consist of short lines instead of complete sentences.
(10 minutes)
  • Tell students that there are some things that are different about poems and stories and some things that are the same. Their forms may be different, but stories and poems each include parts of speech like nouns, adjectives, and verbs.
  • Ask students to point out the nouns in the sentences and lines you wrote on the board. Have students identify which nouns are plural nouns, explaining that plural nouns are more than one noun.
  • Now remind students that contractions are words that are formed by putting two words together, like "don’t" (do + not) and "isn’t" (is + not). Have students identify any contractions on the board.
(20 minutes)
  • Have students complete the worksheets What’s Up with This Poem? and Create Your Own Silly Poem.
  • If students finish early, have them write their own story or poem.


  • Have students complete the worksheets with a partner.


  • Have students look through stories and poems, identifying their text type.
(5 minutes)
  • Assess students’ understanding by noticing how they analyze and create poems.
(5 minutes)
  • Have students share their silly poems with the class.

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