Summary Raceway: Summarizing Fiction
With the support of the Summary Raceway organizer, students will be able to summarize fiction text.
- Gather students on in a common area.
- Tell students they will learn how to summarize a fiction passage or story with the support of the Summary Raceway organizer.
- Ask students if they know what a summary is.
- Explain that a summary is a description of the all of the main events in a story. It includes the main idea of the story, and some details about its characters and events.
- Read the poem Summary Raceway to introduce the lesson.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling(20 minutes)
- Hang the poster size Summary Raceway organizer for students to view. Explain the different parts of the organizer.
- Begin reading a fiction passage or story. Think aloud as you read. Point out its main idea and important details as you go.
- After reading, begin to model your summary using the Summary Raceway organizer and the Summary Raceway lined paper.
- Follow the road on the organizer, and read each sign as you summarize. Focus on the story's main idea and important details as you summarize on lined paper.
- Reread a few times, making sure your summary is accurate.
- Once completed, reread one more time. Ask students to confirm that you included the main idea and important details while writing your summary. Take any questions or comments.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling(15 minutes)
- Read a second short passage or story. Tell students they will help you write the summary. Remind them to focus on the main idea and important supporting details.
- When done reading, follow the Summary Raceway organizer a second time. Call on students to help you write the summary. Reread to make sure it's accurate.
Independent Working Time(20 minutes)
- Before allowing them to work independently, ask students if they understand the Summary Raceway organizer.
- Reread the Summary Raceway poem a second time to motivate students to work independently.
- Pass out a copy of the lined paper, Summary Raceway organizer, a passage or story, and the poem. Tell students they are going to read the passage/story and then write their summary. Remind them to use the organizer to help them.
- Last, instruct your students to walk back to their desks/tables and begin.
- Enrichment: Advanced students can be encouraged to write a summary without the Summary Raceway organizer.
- Support: Struggling students can be paired with students who show strength in summarizing. In addition, depending on the reading level of the struggling student, have a few passages/stories available so each student experiences reading success.
- As students work independently, walk around and check in with each student. Observe if students are reading and summarizing accurately or having difficulty with the organizer.
- Record your observations.
- If additional time is needed for assessment, make observations and notes during closing.
Review and Closing(10 minutes)
- Divide the class into groups of 3-4. Each will share their summary.
- Select 3 students to read their summary to the class. Have the audience share questions and comments.
- Next, ask students what they have to include in a fiction summary.
- To end the lesson, read the Summary Raceway poem one more time.