Lesson plan

Switch That Sound!

Kindergarteners will learn how to make new words by changing the first letter of a familiar word. Watch students practice their reading, writing, and spelling skills in this lesson.
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Students will be able to add or change a letter in a one syllable word to make a new word.

(5 minutes)
  • Review word families with your students. You can tell them that a word family is a group of words that end with the same sound but start with different letters.
  • Show examples of word families to tap into students’ prior knowledge (e.g. a word family chart created in a previous lesson).
  • Ask your students, “Why do you think we learn about word families?” Possible answers might include to spell more words, to help us read, etc.
(5 minutes)
  • Explain that when we know how to read the ending sound of a word family word, we can also read any of the other words in the family by changing the first sound.
  • Tell your students that sometimes you can add a letter to an existing word to make a new word. For example, in the word “ate” if you add the letter g to the beginning, it becomes the word “gate.” This is a very different word!
  • Model creating other words using the same base, for example -ug can become tug or rug.
(10 minutes)
  • Display the following words on the whiteboard or chart paper: Rub, cap, and pin. Ask students to read each word aloud with you.
  • Pass out index cards and ask students to change the first letter in each word to make a new word.
  • Ask students to share out their new words, taping each index card to the board.
  • Complete more practice words together as needed.
(10 minutes)
  • Pass out the Switch It! worksheet to each student and have them complete it independently.
  • Provide support to students as needed.
  • Enrichment: Advanced students can add beginning blends (gr, bl, etc.) to their word family words to make new words, then use the new words in a sentence.

  • Support: Have students use magnetic letters and a whiteboard that has the word family base written on it to make new word family words (e.g. write -an on the whiteboard and have students place each magnetic letter in front to see if it makes a new word).
(5 minutes)
  • Ask students to write down a word family word (used in the guided practice portion of this lesson) on an index card and write a new word on the other side of the index card by changing the first letter of the word.
  • Collect worksheets and assess and correct student spelling as needed.
(5 minutes)
  • Share out the new words students came up with using the word family words. Write the words on the whiteboard.
  • Go over student questions as needed.

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