Lesson plan

The Beginning 'sh' Digraph

This lesson integrates phonemic awareness and phonics. Using a number of exciting activities, your students will learn about two consonants that come together to make a digraph.
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Young learners will explore letter-sound relationships in this reading and writing lesson plan that focuses on the beginning sh digraph. Geared toward kindergarten and first grade learners, this lesson provides plenty of practice identifying and reading words that begin with the sh sound (such as ship, shell, and shark) and introduces children to the terms “digraph” and “blends.” After learning how to recognize the digraph, learners will have an opportunity to create their own “sh book” by cutting and pasting images that begin with this unique sh sound.

Students will be able to say the /sh/ digraph correctly. Students will be able to identify words that begin with the /sh/ digraph.

(5 minutes)
  • Explain to your students that today they will learn about consonant blends, which are two or three consonants that come together to make a different consonant sound. In particular, tell them that they will discuss a special type of blend called a consonant digraph, where two consonants combine to make one sound.
  • Review the consonants with your students.
  • Choose a few consonant cards, and ask your students to say the sound of each.
(10 minutes)
  • Hold up the letter S, and ask your students to make the sound.
  • Do the same with the letter H.
  • Put the two letters together, and explain that when the letters are put together and blended, they give a whole new sound.
  • Tell your students that /sh/ is the same sound a person makes to ask someone else to be quiet.
  • Put your finger to your lips and make the /sh/ sound.
(15 minutes)
  • Ask your students to put their fingers to their lips and make the /sh/ sound.
  • Then, ask your students to listen and repeat a tongue twister: Sharon shivers on Sherry's ship.
  • Instruct your students to identify words in the tongue twister that have the /sh/ sound at the beginning.
  • Put up word cards on the board, and guide your students as they pronounce words such as shovel, ship, shell, and shark.
  • Puts up pictures of a shovel, a ship, a shell, and a shark.
  • Select some students to place each word under its picture.
(15 minutes)
  • Give your students the Sh Book worksheet to complete.
  • Enrichment: Have your students identify words that end in /sh/. Instruct them to draw pictures of words that end in /sh/ to practice with their classmates.
  • Support: Give your students the list of words that begin with /sh/ to review.
(5 minutes)
  • Orally quiz your students about what they learned.
  • Ask your students to make the /sh/ sound.
  • Instruct your students to identify words that begin with /sh/.
(10 minutes)
  • Show your students the three boxes that you put items and shapes in.
  • Explain to your students that in each box, there is a group of items that can be described using one word.
  • Tell your students that the word used to describe the items in each box will begin with /sh/.
  • Open the first box, and have your students guess the word.
  • Do the same with the other two boxes.

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