Lesson Plan:

The Letter M: Uppercase and Lowercase

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August 22, 2015
by Sharon Schellenberg
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August 22, 2015
by Sharon Schellenberg

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to recognize upper and lowercase M.


Introduction (5 minutes)

  • Tell your students that you are thinking of a mystery letter.
  • Invite them to guess the letter with the following prompts: The opposite of happy (mad), something to clean the floor (mop), something shining in the sky at night (moon), something to catch a baseball with (mitt), something you may need if you are lost (map), and something that makes your shoes messy (mud).
  • Ask the students to name the letter that all the words begin with.
  • Play the M Song.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (5 minutes)

  • Display How to Make an M. Read the poem while tracking the words with a pointer.
  • Invite your students to describe where on the dotted lines the letter M is.
  • Instruct your students to say the rhyme with you as they “air write” the uppercase letter M.
  • Continue in the same way with the lower case M rhyme.
  • Ask your students to describe how the lower case letter is different from the uppercase letter.
  • Make sure they notice the lowercase letter begins under the dotted line.
  • Have your students say the rhyme with you as they “air write” the lowercase letter M.

Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Instruct your students to get yellow and orange crayons and sit in a circle.
  • Hand out the M Maze worksheet. Read the directions with your students.
  • Model how to color the first few squares with the yellow crayon.
  • After the yellow path is complete, instruct your students to go back and circle all of the uppercase letters on the path with the orange crayon.
  • Have your students hold their papers up to share and compare with their friends.

Independent Working Time (20 minutes)

  • Hand out the Color Cut Glue activity.
  • Invite your students to look at the pages and guess what they will be doing.
  • Tell your students that they will be decorating the dotted shapes on the sheet and cutting them out.
  • Have them assemble the shapes into beautiful upper and lowercase M posters.
  • Instruct your students to collect the supplies they need to begin working.



  • Enrichment: Have your students cut out pictures that begin with the target letter from a magazine to create a collage.
  • Support: Offer verbal and visual clues to support students who need additional help.


Assessment (5 minutes)

  • During the lesson, look for students who are participating, following directions, and keeping up with their peers.
  • Offer encouragement and support with visual and verbal clues. Visual support could be a complete example of the maze and the rhyme.

Review and Closing (5 minutes)

  • Invite your students to hold their posters up to share and compare with their friends.
  • Encourage your students to notice how everyone made their posters a little differently, yet they are all about the letter M.
  • Ask your students to recite the rhyme one more time as they "air write" the letters.

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