Lesson plan

The Period

Familiarize your young scholars with declarative and imperative sentences using this simple English lesson. Students will love learning about periods through a series of sentence-writing exercises.
Grade Subject View aligned standards

Students will be able to identify and distinguish between declarative and imperative sentences.

(15 minutes)
  • Have the students bring papers and pencils to an open area.
  • Tell them to place their supplies on the floor next to them.
  • Tell the students that today's lesson will be about sentences that end with a period.
  • Explain that when a period is placed at the end of a sentence, the sentence is either declarative (makes a statement) or imperative (gives a command).
  • Give examples of each. I like cotton candy. is a declarative sentence you could share, and Close the door behind you. is an imperative sentence.
(15 minutes)
  • On the board, make two columns, one labeled "Declarative" and the other labeled "Imperative."
  • Ask for volunteers to share some examples of declarative and imperative sentences. Take a moment and write down a few on the board, such as the following, under each category: I like ice cream. (declarative), The dog is barking. (declarative), Walk ahead of me, please. (imperative), Please knock before entering. (imperative).
(15 minutes)
  • Tell the students to pick up their supplies and copy down your columns.
  • Have each student write two to three examples of each sentence type.
  • After a few minutes, ask for volunteers to raise their hands and share some of their examples.
  • As the sentences are being shared by the class, write a few down on the board.
(20 minutes)
  • Ask each student to write an additional five of each type of sentence on his sheet.
  • Walk around and monitor the students as they work on completing the assignment.
  • During this time, ask questions to make sure students understand the concept of the period.
  • Enrichment: Students who complete their Independent Working Time assignment early can work on the Sentence Types worksheet.
  • Support: Help struggling students write a few of each type of sentence before having them work on their own.
(10 minutes)
  • Assess students based on the questions they ask and comments they give during the lesson.
  • Collect students' sheets at the end of the exercise. Review them later for further assessment.
(10 minutes)
  • Ask for volunteers to share their sentences with the rest of the class.
  • As each student shares their sentences, ask the rest of the class to confirm each sentence's type (declarative or imperative).
  • Review the definition of a period.

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