Students will be able to identify and distinguish between declarative and imperative sentences.
Introduction (15 minutes)
- Have the students bring papers and pencils to an open area.
- Tell them to place their supplies on the floor next to them.
- Tell the students that today's lesson will be about sentences that end with a period.
- Explain that when a period is placed at the end of a sentence, the sentence is either declarative (makes a statement) or imperative (gives a command).
- Give examples of each. I like cotton candy. is a declarative sentence you could share, and Close the door behind you. is an imperative sentence.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (15 minutes)
- On the board, make two columns, one labeled "Declarative" and the other labeled "Imperative."
- Ask for volunteers to share some examples of declarative and imperative sentences. Take a moment and write down a few on the board, such as the following, under each category: I like ice cream. (declarative), The dog is barking. (declarative), Walk ahead of me, please. (imperative), Please knock before entering. (imperative).
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (15 minutes)
- Tell the students to pick up their supplies and copy down your columns.
- Have each student write two to three examples of each sentence type.
- After a few minutes, ask for volunteers to raise their hands and share some of their examples.
- As the sentences are being shared by the class, write a few down on the board.
Independent Working Time (20 minutes)
- Ask each student to write an additional five of each type of sentence on his sheet.
- Walk around and monitor the students as they work on completing the assignment.
- During this time, ask questions to make sure students understand the concept of the period.
- Enrichment: Students who complete their Independent Working Time assignment early can work on the Sentence Types worksheet.
- Support: Help struggling students write a few of each type of sentence before having them work on their own.
Assessment (10 minutes)
- Assess students based on the questions they ask and comments they give during the lesson.
- Collect students' sheets at the end of the exercise. Review them later for further assessment.
Review and Closing (10 minutes)
- Ask for volunteers to share their sentences with the rest of the class.
- As each student shares his sentences, ask the rest of the class to confirm each sentence's type (declarative or imperative).
- Review the definition of a period.