July 22, 2015
by Josephine Alston

Lesson plan

The Period

Download lesson plan
Grade Subject View aligned standards

Students will be able to identify and distinguish between declarative and imperative sentences.

(15 minutes)
  • Have the students bring papers and pencils to an open area.
  • Tell them to place their supplies on the floor next to them.
  • Tell the students that today's lesson will be about sentences that end with a period.
  • Explain that when a period is placed at the end of a sentence, the sentence is either declarative (makes a statement) or imperative (gives a command).
  • Give examples of each. I like cotton candy. is a declarative sentence you could share, and Close the door behind you. is an imperative sentence.
(15 minutes)
  • On the board, make two columns, one labeled "Declarative" and the other labeled "Imperative."
  • Ask for volunteers to share some examples of declarative and imperative sentences. Take a moment and write down a few on the board, such as the following, under each category: I like ice cream. (declarative), The dog is barking. (declarative), Walk ahead of me, please. (imperative), Please knock before entering. (imperative).
(15 minutes)
  • Tell the students to pick up their supplies and copy down your columns.
  • Have each student write two to three examples of each sentence type.
  • After a few minutes, ask for volunteers to raise their hands and share some of their examples.
  • As the sentences are being shared by the class, write a few down on the board.
(20 minutes)
  • Ask each student to write an additional five of each type of sentence on his sheet.
  • Walk around and monitor the students as they work on completing the assignment.
  • During this time, ask questions to make sure students understand the concept of the period.
  • Enrichment: Students who complete their Independent Working Time assignment early can work on the Sentence Types worksheet.
  • Support: Help struggling students write a few of each type of sentence before having them work on their own.
(10 minutes)
  • Assess students based on the questions they ask and comments they give during the lesson.
  • Collect students' sheets at the end of the exercise. Review them later for further assessment.
(10 minutes)
  • Ask for volunteers to share their sentences with the rest of the class.
  • As each student shares his sentences, ask the rest of the class to confirm each sentence's type (declarative or imperative).
  • Review the definition of a period.

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