Timelines and Nonfiction Text
Students will be able to create a timeline using information from a nonfiction text.
- Tell students that today they are going to learn how to make timelines to organize information from nonfiction texts.
- Explain that a timeline is like a number line, but instead of just showing numbers, it shows important events in the order in which they occurred. The events are ordered by date, so a timeline is a good visual way to compare two or more events in a period of time.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Show students the timeline video.
- Discuss key points from the video:
- Events on a timeline are ordered in chronological order (earliest to latest).
- The earliest and latest event dates determine the period of time that the timeline covers.
- A timeline should be divided into equal parts, or segments, like a number line. Each segment represents a specific amount of time, like a day, a month, a year, or even 100 years.
Guided Practice(10 minutes)
- Hand out a copy of the History of Baseball worksheet. (Note: students will also need access to scissors and glue.)
- Read the short article aloud. Then, guide students through the process of making a timeline, using the key events provided on the worksheet.
Independent working time(10 minutes)
- Hand out the History of Photography worksheet to each student and instruct students to read and complete the worksheet independently.
- Circulate and offer support as needed.
- Provide additional examples during guided practice (i.e., make another timeline with the class using a topic studied in social studies, like the life of Sacagawea).
- Have students make a timeline about important dates in their own lives (i.e., birth, a sibling’s birth, a special family vacation). The personal nature of this support activity will help struggling students buy into the skills learned in the lesson.
- Have students apply the skills learned to make a timeline about a topic of their choice. Instruct students to use books or the internet to research their topic.
- Use the timeline process to help students better understand a specific period of time while studying history (i.e., the California Gold Rush).
- Hand out prepared cards with dates and events from the school year (i.e., a special field trip, an assembly, a class project) or a nonfiction topic previously studied in class (i.e., the Lewis & Clark expedition).
- Make sure there are enough cards for each student to have one (or split students into smaller groups with each group making a separate timeline, still ensuring that each student has a card).
- Instruct students to line up so that their cards are in order, thus making a human timeline. Have students read their date and event aloud, in order.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Ask and discuss:
- What events have we studied in class that would be well illustrated by a timeline? (i.e., the American Civil War)
- How can a timeline help us see things that are hard to see when we read? (i.e., a timeline can help us organize the dates in an article so that we can more easily tell how close or far apart things happened)