June 20, 2017
|
by Byron Delcomb

Lesson plan

Tip of the Iceberg: Nonfiction Summary Details

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Do you need extra help for EL students? Try the Main Idea and Details in Nonfiction Texts pre-lesson.
EL Adjustments
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Do you need extra help for EL students? Try the Main Idea and Details in Nonfiction Texts pre-lesson.

Students will be able to summarize key details of nonfiction texts.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments
(5 minutes)
  • Write the idiom "tip of the iceberg" on the board. Explain how idioms are synonyms for ideas.
  • Have students turn and tell a neighbor what they think "tip of the iceberg" means.
  • Invite students to share out their ideas with the whole class. While they are sharing, draw a sketch of a series of four icebergs with their tips showing just above a waterline. Discuss and draw any figurative student connections.
  • Clarify for your class that if something is the tip of the iceberg, it's the main idea of a larger amount of information.
  • Explain how a detail provides more precise information about an idea.
  • Add that summarizing texts is like capturing a series of iceberg tips of a text, from beginning to end. Tips of the icebergs for today's assignment are main ideas, not details!
(5 minutes)
  • Demonstrate the following paper constructions:
    • Fold a white paper strip, twice, into a ¼-sized rectangle.
    • Trim the rectangle into mountains such that it opens into four mountains linked together, accordion style.
    • Glue the white strip (mountains) onto a blue paper strip so that only the four iceberg tips show.
  • Preview a nonfiction text for your students by identifying four main ideas: one opening, two middle, and one conclusion.
  • Write each main idea on an iceberg in order from beginning to end, left to right.
  • Flip the construction over and write, "(text title): Tips of the Icebergs" along with student name and date.
  • Review the construction and answer clarifying questions.
(10 minutes)
  • Using one paper strip each (white and blue), scissors and glue, demonstrate how to cut and assemble the iceberg cutouts and pasting process.
  • Preview a nonfiction text with your class by doing a picture walk and noting four main ideas on your teacher iceberg model.
(10 minutes)
  • Provide nonfiction texts to your students along with additional paper strips and glue for constructions.
  • Answer any procedural questions and have your students complete their assignment.

Support:

  • During independent work time, assist students with cutting and gluing as needed. Staplers work as a substitute for glue and can be less messy.
  • Provide leveled nonfiction texts differentiated for your students to select for analysis.

Enrichment:

  • Have students provide additional details for each main ideas below each iceberg.
  • News ELA is great online source for differentiated nonfiction texts on current news events. This would be a great resource for text to access in real time or printouts for student analysis. See suggested media for web details.
(5 minutes)
  • Draft a numbered list of three sentences:
    • Two potential main ideas
    • One detail (but not a main idea)
  • Have your students tell you which two points are main ideas, which is not, and why.
(10 minutes)
  • Discuss: What perspectives are most powerful in nonfiction texts we've reviewed in class today?

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