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Using Context Clues to Understand Word Meanings
Students will be able to determine the meaning of words and phrases in a grade appropriate text.
- Explain to students that today they will be reading a short nonfiction text and figuring out what tricky words mean.
- Write the following learning objective in student-friendly language: "I can figure out the meaning of tricky words using sentence level context for support!" Read the learning objective aloud and ask the students to choral chant it back to you.
- Write context clues on the board. Say, "It is often helpful to look at what comes before and after a tricky word. The words before and after a tricky word can give readers helpful context clues about the meaning and structure of the new word, as well as how it is used. Today, we are going to figure out tricky words by reading the sentences before and after the word we are trying to figure out. We will be focusing on finding examples and using logic to determine what they mean!"
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(15 minutes)
- Find a short informational text in your classroom library or online that the students are familiar with. Next, read a paragraph from the text aloud and find an academic vocabulary word that most students probably won't know. Make sure the vocabulary word you choose can be figured out using sentence level context, including examples and logic.
- Say the word aloud and write it on the whiteboard. Model thinking aloud by saying, "Hmm...I'm not sure what ____ means. I'm going to reread the sentence before and after the word to see if I can figure it out."
- Write down words and phrases on the board that can help students figure out the meaning of the word.
- Explain that these words and phrases are context clues.
- Write the following sentence frames on the board and model completing them using the context clues from the text:
- The word ____ means ____.
- I know this because the text says ____ .
Guided Practice(20 minutes)
- Project the Learning About Maps worksheet on the whiteboard and pass out copies to each student.
- Put the students in small groups and explain that today they will be reading a short informational text about maps and figuring out tricky words using context clues.
- Ask students to point to the underlined word in the first paragraph of the text: located.
- Give students a minute or two to do a think-pair-share with their elbow partner, explaining what the word located means prior to reading the paragraph. Ask students to briefly rate their understanding of the word using the following scale:
- I'm not sure what the word means.
- I have heard the word before.
- I can use the word in a sentence.
- Ask the students to read the paragraph in their small groups. Rotate around the room and provide assistance as needed.
- Ask students to look at the sentence frames at the bottom of the Learning About Maps worksheet. Have students point to the first sentence frame.
- Write the word located in the first space.
- Encourage a student volunteer to come up to the whiteboard and explain the meaning of located, using evidence from the text.
- Help the student complete the second portion of the sentence frame.
- Ask the students to briefly rate their understanding of the word located after reading the text and using context clues, using the same scale above.
Independent working time(15 minutes)
- Ask students to go back to their seats. Explain that they will read the remaining paragraphs and complete the sentence frames on the bottom of the page independently.
- Allow students who need extra support to work with a partner or in a small, teacher-led group during independent work time.
- Review and allow students to use the Vocabulary Partner Talk worksheet to provide students with sentence frames to support in-depth conversation.
- Introduce the concept of context clues to students in a short mini-lesson and allow students to practice figuring out tricky words prior to the lesson.
Enrichment: Ask students to use their understanding of the vocabulary words to create sentences or a short paragraph. Have students read the sentences or paragraph to a peer.
- Ask students to turn in their Learning About Maps worksheets and use them as a formative assessment to see how well students understood using sentence level context clues to figure out the meaning of tricky words.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Explain to students that today they learned about reading words and phrases before and after a tricky word to figure out the meaning. Reinforce that this strategy is called using context clues to understand the meaning of words.
- Ask students to turn to a neighbor and finish one of the sentence starters:
- Context clues are important because ____.
- A new word I learned today was ____.
- Something I learned about maps was ____.