Lesson plan

Water Soluble Science

Your students will enjoy this hands on lesson where they make simple solutions and mixtures. They will have an opportunity to predict and observe solids that dissolve in water.
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Young scientists practice making predictions and recording observations as they explore water soluble science in this engaging lesson plan. After learning the word “dissolve,” watching a demonstration of what happens when certain solids are added to water, and discussing the results, learners will get to experiment with adding a variety of solids (e.g. sugar, salt, sand, glitter) to water and recording both their predictions and observations on a worksheet. This hands-on science activity makes a great addition to a first or second grade physical science lesson.

Students will be able to investigate and identify some solids that dissolve in water.

(5 minutes)
  • Explain to the students that they will be mixing some solids with water today.
  • Write the word "dissolve" on the board, and ask them if they know what it means.
  • Explain the meaning of dissolve, which is a solid being incorporated into a liquid, to the students.
  • Ask the students if they know of anything that dissolves in water.
(5 minutes)
  • Ask the students to come together so that they can watch your demonstration.
  • Show the students a cup of water and tell them you are going to put some pepper in it.
  • Make a prediction if the pepper will dissolve or not and draw it on chart paper in a fashion similar to how the observation worksheet is set up.
  • Put in the pepper and stir.
  • Record your observations on the chart paper.
(10 minutes)
  • Repeat your test with with a different solid of your choice.
  • Ask students to make a prediction and draw it on the chart paper.
  • Have a student put the solid in the water and stir.
  • As a class, discuss the result and record it on the chart paper.
  • Tell the students that they will now get to do this experiment with 4 different solids in small groups.
(15 minutes)
  • Review group discussion rules before sending them to work in groups in the experiment:
    1. ____ to gain the floor
    2. Speak one at a time
    3. Listen to others
  • Fill in the blank for #1 with an agreed-upon way to gain the floor, such as students raising their hands or holding the talking stick.
  • Ask students to give you a thumbs up if they can agree to follow the rules during their group work.
  • Put the students in small groups and ask them to make and draw their predictions first before mixing. Remind them to follow the discussion rules as they offer ideas and suggestions.
  • Remind the students to take turns putting in the solids and to not taste the solids.
  • Hand out the To Dissolve or Not Dissolve worksheet and containers of solids to each group. Cups with water can be filled before class and set aside for the experiment.
  • Tell the students to begin the experiment.
  • Walk around the classroom to assist and have conversation with the students about their discoveries. Ask them to describe their solutions and their observations.
  • Have the students make sure their solids are back in their containers at the end of the experiment.
  • Enrichment: To challenge students, give them additional solids such as powdered milk, flour, rice, and coffee beans.
  • Support: Get the students to test a smaller number of solids.
(10 minutes)
  • Listen to the student conversations and check their results of the experiment.
  • Choose groups to describe the experiment results and any observations they want to make about solids that dissolved versus solids that did not dissolve.
(5 minutes)
  • Ask students if there were any surprises during the experiement.
  • Ask them if they have any unanswered questions and write them down for use in a future experiment.

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