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Students will be able to retell a story and demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
- Draw a star on the board. In each of the star's five corners, write the following words: who, what, where, when, why (5 W's).
- Next to the star, write the 5 W's again so students can read them better.
- Choral read the 5 W's aloud as a whole group.
- Explain to the students that today they will be able to choose and read a choice story and use the 5 W's ask and answer questions about what is happening in the story.
- Help students choose a book at their reading level.
- Repeat explanation of the 5 W's in English and student's home language (L1).
- Form questions using the 5 W's and have students answer them.
- Ask students to explain how the 5 W's can help them understand what they read in their own words to a partner.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(5 minutes)
- Tell students that when they ask and answer questions about a fictional text, they are able to have a deeper understanding of the story and clear up any confusion they may have.
- Explain to the students that they will read their story out loud to a teacher or partner and then retell the story in their own words. They will then ask and answer some questions about the story or a topic in the story while in partnerships.
- Ask students if they have any questions.
- Provide students with leveled readers in L1.
- Provide simplified text at the appropriate level.
- Encourage students to use word walls, bilingual glossaries, and dictionaries to figure out words in text.
Guided Practice(15 minutes)
- Choose a student to model retelling a story while you ask questions about their retelling to clear up any confusion. Ask them questions like:
- "Why would you add ____ to your retelling?"
- "What other information do you think is important?"
- "Do you think you can leave out _____ when you retell the story?"
- After each question, allow the student volunteer to answer the question to clear up any confusion.
- Have students partner up and practice reading to each other while you are working with other students.
- Provide students with the Star Graphic Organizer worksheet to support comprehension and help them create questions.
- Refer to the star on the board and the 5 W's to help students make connections.
- Provide students with sentence stems, common phrases in text, and word banks to support comprehension.
- Encourage students to summarize aloud to their partner after each sentence or short paragraph.
Independent working time(20 minutes)
- Take turns listening to each child read. After they have read the story, put students in A/B partnerships.
- Explain to the students that first, Partner A will ask Partner B questions about the story they read and Partner B will answer the questions to the best of their ability (e.g. What happened in the story? Who were the characters? Where did the story take place? What was your favorite part of the story? Why? What was your least favorite part of the story? Why?)
- When partner B has finished answering the questions, the partners will switch roles (Partner B asks Partner A questions about the story).
- Provide students with the Star Graphic Organizer worksheet if necessary to support them in asking their partners questions, or write the questions on the whiteboard for students to refer to.
- Allow students to use simplified, leveled readers in L1.
- Allow students to draw pictures of what happens in the beginning, middle, and end of the story and describe the events orally in L1, referring to Star Graphic Organizer worksheet for support.
- Remind students to use the 5 W's when retelling the story to their partner.
- Provide sentence stems with the 5 W's and connecting questions from the student's text to support student when sharing answers orally.
Enrichment: Students can write down their answers to the guided questions or choose more than one story to read.
Support: Students may have a story read out loud to them, or they may buddy up with another student to help them with the reading.
- Use the Formative Assessment: Fictional Text Retell Checklist to assess student's understanding of the story as they retell the story. Evaluate student answers as they ask and answer questions about the topics in their retelling.
- Allow students to retell the story and answer questions in L1 to a teacher.
- Ask students to retell the story in their own words to at least two peers.
Review and closing(10 minutes)
- Encourage students to share and talk about their book in front of the class.
- Remind students that by asking and answering questions about key details in a text using the 5 W's, they will understand what they read better and help clear up any confusion they may have about the text!
- Write the following sentence stems and starters on the board and have students turn and talk to a partner sharing their response:
- My favorite part of the story was ____.
- The part when ____ reminded me of ____.
- A challenging word I learned was ____.
- Ask students to turn and talk to their partners, using the following paragraph frame as a guide:
- The story I read was about ____.First, ____. Next, ____. Finally, ____. I learned ____.