What Kind of Sentence Is That?
Students will be able to identify and create each of the four kinds of sentences.
- Write the names of each kind of sentence on the board.
- Ask students what they remember from previous grades about the four kinds of sentences.
- Give an example of each without telling them what kind it is and see if they can guess.
- Ask students, "If you were a kind of sentence, what kind would you be?" Have students turn to a neighbor to share what sentence they chose and why.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(5 minutes)
Review the four kinds of sentences providing mnemonic devices to help them remember, such as:
- An interrogation means to ask someone lots of questions, hence an interrogative sentence is a question.
- You might say it is imperative that you clean your room, hence a command is an imperative.
- In the old days, when someone wanted to make a statement they might say, “I do declare, there is a fly in our tea.” A statement is called a declarative.
- When you exclaim something, you say it with emphasis, hence it is an exclamatory sentence ending in an exclamation point.
Guided Practice(10 minutes)
- Distribute Sentence Mix Up worksheet.
- Review the instructions for the activity.
- Do a practice round with a few volunteers to model the gameplay.
Independent working time(30 minutes)
- Divide students into small groups of three to five.
- Distribute dice, dry erase boards, and erasers.
- Give students about 30 minutes to play the game.
- Provide more examples of each kind of sentence on the board for easy reference.
- Have students make a prediction about what kinds of sentences are most commonly used in novels.
- Go through a page in a book they are reading and tally the kinds of sentences they find.
- Compare their results with their predictions.
- Have students put heads down on their desks.
- Read a sentence and have students think about what kind of sentence it is.
- Announce each kind of sentence slowly, having students raise their hand when they hear the correct kind of sentence.
- Use this feedback to decide if you need to review any of the kinds of sentences.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Share stories that the groups created.