### Lesson plan

# Counting Hours: What Time Is It?

#### Learning Objectives

Students will be able to tell time on the hour using an analog clock.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.

#### Introduction

*(10 minutes)*

- Call the students together as a group.
- Ask the students what item is used to tell time.
- Take responses by raised hands.
- Inform the students that clocks come in all shapes and sizes.
- Inform the students that today they will be using an
**analog clock**, or a clock that has rotating hands.

#### Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling

*(10 minutes)*

- Show the students a large battery-operated analog clock.
- Ask the students to count from 1-12 as you point out the numbers on the clock.
- Draw an analog clock on the whiteboard.
- Draw an
**hour hand**on the clock. - Inform the students that the hour hand moves slowly around the clock, and that it takes 12 hours to make a full rotation.
- Inform the students that an
**hour**is 60 minutes long. - Draw a
**minute hand**on the clock. - Tell the students that a minute hand moves more quickly around the clock, and that it takes it one hour to make a rotation.
- Inform the students that 60
**seconds**is equal to one**minute**. - Show 12 o'clock on the analog clock.
- Ask the students to repeat after you as you say "12 o'clock."
- Show 1 o'clock and have the students repeat after you as you say "1 o'clock."
- Continue this process until you get back to 12 o'clock.
- Emphasize that the minute and hour hands move to the right, or
**clockwise**, at all times.

#### Guided Practice

*(10 minutes)*

- Place the students at their desk to work.
- Each student should have a paper plate with an analog clock face already drawn on the plate.
- Each student should have a precut hour hand, a precut minute hand, and a brass fastener.
- Tell the students to place the hour and minute hands on top of each other so that the punched holes align.
- Have the students put the brass fastener through the punched holes on the minute and hour hand.
- Then have the students put the brass fastener through the paper plate clock face.
- In the event you wish to save time, each clock may be pre-assembled.
- Ask the class to set the clocks at 12 o'clock, as previously modeled.
- Ask the students to demonstrate various times on the hour.
- Walk around the room to check in with students as they use this manipulative.

#### Independent working time

*(15 minutes)*

- Ask the students to have a seat at their desk.
- Provide each student with a pencil and a Be on Time worksheet.
- Read the instructions to the students.
- Have the students complete the worksheet.
- Collect the worksheet for grading.
- Have the students color the face of their analog clock with crayons.

#### Differentiation

**Enrichment:**

- Provide students with the Time Review: Tell Time with Carlos Cat worksheet. It has various analog clocks displaying different times on the hour. Have the students write the time under each clock. Do not provide a word box or any scaffolding.

**Support:**

- Provide students with the Be On Time worksheet. It has the hour hand and minute hand in red and black. This should make telling time a bit easier for students who need extra support.

#### Assessment

*(10 minutes)*

- Assess the independent work of the students.
- Mini-conference with students who scored low.
- Provide reinforcement by assigning homework or another opportunity to master the concept the next lesson.

#### Review and closing

*(10 minutes)*

- Give each student an index card with a time on the hour from 1 o'clock to 12 o'clock.
- Do not repeat any of the times.
- Have the students arrange themselves in the correct order to make a human clock.
- If you have more than 12 students, create two groups of 12.