Lesson Plan

What's a Metaphor?

In this lesson, students complete worksheets and engage in peer discussions to learn more about metaphors. Young writers will love making their own creative metaphors.
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the Making Sense of Metaphors pre-lesson.
View aligned standards
Need extra help for EL students? Try the Making Sense of Metaphors pre-lesson.

Learning Objectives

Students will understand the concept of a metaphor and be able to construct their own metaphors.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments


(5 minutes)
MetaphorWriting MetaphorsAnimal MetaphorsMetaphor Game
  • Poll the class using the following prompt: "What is a metaphor?"
  • Have students volunteer to share their thoughts.
  • Write a metaphor on the board like the following example: "Your room is a disaster area."
  • Tell students that metaphors are analogies that compare two unlike things by saying they're the same.
  • Have students identify the two things being compared and explain how they are similar.
  • Explain to students that in this lesson they will identify metaphors, explain how they are similar, and use them in a sentence.


  • Provide additional examples of metaphors in English, or an example in students' home language (L1) if appropriate.
  • Allow ELs to look up the terms ("metaphor," "alike," "similarities," "compare," "analogy") with a home language resource. Give them the opportunity to talk with a partner about the terms in their home language.


  • Have ELs discuss what they know about metaphors with a partner and then share out as a whole group. Allow them to use L1 or L2.
  • Provide a word bank for students to use when discussing what they know about metaphors.
  • Use a gesture or visual to help students understand the term "metaphor."