Which sound is in all these words? In this lesson, students will learn about how words that are spelled differently can have similar sounds. They will look at words like “truck” and “look” to see how two common spelling patterns show up in the English language. After identifying helpful spelling patterns, the class will move onto a sound sorting worksheet to help cement their learning. With these activities, first graders will have another great tool to rely on as they master spelling.
Students will be able to read and spell words containing -ck and -k endings.
- Gather students together and show them the pre-written message you wrote on the whiteboard or chart paper.
- Read the message aloud to the class, noting that there are a lot of words that end in the /k/ sound.
- Tell the class that today they will be practicing reading and spelling words that end in the /k/ sound. They will also learn how to tell if a word ends in -ck or -k.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(5 minutes)
- Write the words “truck” and “task” on the board and ask the students to read each word aloud with you.
- Explain that while each word ends in the same sound, they are spelled differently. This is because they each use a spelling pattern. A spelling pattern is when certain letters go together in many words in a predictable way. If we recognize the spelling pattern, it will help us to read and spell those words.
- Tell the students that we use -ck at the end of a one-syllable word if it follows a short vowel, like in the word “truck” and we use -k at the end when there is another consonant after the vowel, like in “task.”
- Demonstrate reading a few other -ck and -k words by writing them on the board. Circle the ending of each word as you point out if it ends in either -ck or -k.
Guided Practice(10 minutes)
- Write two columns on the board and label them “-ck” and “-k.”
- Re-read the message on the board and ask students to give a thumbs up when they hear a word that ends in the /k/ sound. Pause at each word, asking students to come up and circle the word while indicating if the word belongs in the -ck or -k column.
- Review the -ck and -k words when finished and ask students to help you by reading each word aloud with you.
Independent working time(15 minutes)
- Pass out the Sound Sort worksheet and have the students complete it independently.
- Work with individual students as needed.
Support: Provide students with pre-written cards containing the -ck and -k words used in the beginning of the lesson. Work with students to sort the words by their ending sounds.
- Enrichment: Have advanced students come up with additional words ending in -ck and -k and sort them by their spelling pattern.
- Have students read and sort one of the words from the worksheet or class chart as an exit task.
- Check student worksheets to ensure that they were able to sort each of the words by the spelling pattern.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Remind your students how to tell if a word should have a -ck or -k at the end by noticing if there is a short vowel or consonant before the ending sound.
- Review spelling some -ck and -k words with the class, asking for volunteers to come up and spell the word on the board.