Students are going to take a deeper dive into fractions in this unit! Learners will apply previous understanding of finding equivalent fractions, and converting between fractions and mixed numbers to work with fractions in more complex ways. Students will continue to use visual models to learn and practice adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing fractions.
Students will have a basic understanding of fractions coming into 4th grade. In this unit students will get to explore new ways of representing fractions, including in a set of data, on number lines and using area models. Students will use their knowledge of fractions to compare fractions with like and unlike denominators.
Getting ready to subtract fractions? This lesson reviews how to subtract like denominators and teaches students how to subtract unlike denominators. The focus is on understanding the process and reasoning behind each step.
Compare two different ways to use tape diagrams! This lesson discusses fractions and multiplication within tape diagrams. Use this lesson as support for the lesson Illustrating Fractions and Whole Number Products with Tape Models.
In order to build a strong foundation with fractions, students should be able to explain the concept and their thinking. Use this as a stand alone lesson or as a pre-lesson for *Let's Play Equivalent Fractions!*
This guided geometry lesson takes second graders on an exploration of 2D and 3D shapes. Kids will learn how to sort shapes, as well as partition them into halves, quarters and thirds. Tangrams are also featured within the exercise in order to give kids practical ways of practicing their new geometry skills. For more printable practice, try the geometry worksheets recommended by our curriculum advisors to accompany this lesson.
Provide students with an opportunity to identify the wholes that are correctly divided into halves, thirds, and fourths (equal shares). Use this activity alone as a support lesson or alongside Cookie Fractions Fun.
Fractions are a mathematical concept that students begin learning in second grade and are used to mathematically represent a part of a whole. Fractions can be difficult for your child to understand with new vocabulary like numerator and denominator, but with our worksheets and exercises, your child will be a pro at everything from adding fractions to dividing them! Find teaching strategies and guided practice for your child with our Fractions Skills Guide.
A Guide to Fractions
There are many types of fractions that your child will learn to work with, so we’ve compiled a short guide to help you help your child recognize the different types!
Numerator and Denominator
The numerator is the top number in the fraction and is the number of parts used. The denominator is the bottom number in the fraction and is the number of parts that make up a whole. For example, if we are looking at a pizza and we are told that someone ate 2⁄8 of the pizza, the numerator would be 2 (the number of slices eaten) and the denominator would be 8 (because there are 8 pieces total).
Equivalent Fractions Equivalent fractions are fractions that have different numbers as the numerator and denominator, but are actually the same. For example, 4⁄8 = 3⁄6 = 2⁄4 = 1⁄2.
Proper Fractions vs Improper Fractions
Proper fractions are any fractions where the numerator is less than the denominator. 8⁄9 and 2⁄3 are both proper fractions. Improper fractions are any fractions where the numerator is greater than or equal to the denominator. 9⁄4 and 5⁄5 are both improper fractions.
Mixed fractions are used to show when there is a whole plus a part involved. For example, if someone ate 2 whole pizzas and 1⁄2 of another pizza, the mixed fraction of how many pizzas they ate would be equal to 2 1⁄2. Mixed fractions can be converted to improper fractions by multiplying the whole number by the denominator, adding the numerator to their product, and putting that sum over the original denominator. Similarly, improper fractions can be converted to mixed fractions by dividing the numerator by the denominator to get the whole number and using the remainder as the new numerator.
Now that you have a better understanding of the different types of fractions your child will be working with, scroll up to check out our fraction worksheets and exercises!