As students begin to read more sophisticated texts, understanding how authors use figurative language becomes critical. In this unit, students will revisit some of the figurative language they learned in fourth grade and also study some new ones too, including onomatopoeia, hyperbole, puns and oxymorons. Analyzing how figurative language is used in texts will help readers apply what they have learned.
This year, third graders will be taking their vocabulary to new heights and exploring such concepts as metaphor, simile, hyperbole, and personification. This guided lesson in vocabulary and figurative language offers clear and practical definitions of new words and expressions, along with plenty of practice opportunities. Understanding vocabulary and figurative language deepens reading comprehension skills and enriches the writing process.
Words are the wondrous building blocks in language. This unit increases students’ word knowledge by introducing more challenging vocabulary and exploring how words are related. Learners will also discover some of the ways words are constructed using derivational root words, prefixes, suffixes, and compound words. Students will get to explore and create fun literary devices such as similes, idioms and metaphors.
Use this activity to help students find and decipher metaphors in the context of short passages. Students will read the passages, record what is being compared in each, and then seek to explain the metaphors' meanings in their own words.
Ideal for fourth and fifth graders, this worksheet includes figurative language examples and definitions on the first page, and a second full page of questions and tasks that can be used to check for understanding.
A metaphor is a figure of speech that uses a word or phrase to describe another object or action that is impossible to take literally. Metaphors represent abstract concepts in creative ways.
Using metaphors makes writing and speaking more interesting. The resources on this page show how to use figures of speech to call the audience’s attention to your message in a way that literal representations can’t.
Learn More About Metaphors
Metaphors refer to one thing by mentioning another. They connect the subject of a sentence with an adjective or verb that is not directly related, but that has qualities that explain the subject.
When you want to describe something in a more engaging manner, use a metaphor to draw comparisons in your reader or listener’s mind.
Here are several common metaphors, and their meaning:
America is a melting pot. = America is a place where many different cultures mix together.
Time is money. = When you spend time on something, you could have also made money during that same period of time.
She is a night owl. = She is more active at night, like an owl.
There are a few figures of speech similar to metaphors, but that are slightly different.
A simile is different from a metaphor in that similes usually use ‘like’ or ‘such as’ to compare two unlike things.
An analogy assumes that similar qualities between two things indicate they will agree in other ways.
The proper use of a metaphor spices up an otherwise bland statement. While it may seem difficult for a student to wrap their head around metaphors, the Education.com resources above make learning metaphors as easy as pie.