Words work together in a sentence, each one performing a different task. By fifth grade, students have become more adept readers and writers and they are familiar with the basic parts of speech. The activities in this unit revisit some of the basics and also add depth to their existing understanding. Students will engage in such topics as superlative adjectives, correlative conjunctions and prepositional phrases, to name a few.
A prepositional phrase increases the amount of detail in a sentence for the reader. Use this resource with your students to practice choosing the best prepositional phrase to complete a sentence based on the context.
Prepositions add valuable information to nonfiction texts by helping us understand where and when something happened. In this activity, students will seek to identify prepositions and use them to complete sentences with the help of a word bank.
Good writers add detail to their sentences to help readers understand and visualize the context. A prepositional phrase is the key! In this exercise, your students will improve sentences by adding prepositional phrases.
Prepositions indicate location, but they don’t do much else on their own. Add in a group of words called a prepositional phrase, and the reader learns a lot more information about a sentence. What are prepositional phrases made of and how are they constructed? Our resources will help your child understand this slightly more advanced grammar concept once they’ve mastered prepositions.
A Guide to Prepositional Phrases
A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with the object of the preposition. The object is a noun or a pronoun that follows the preposition. The phrase, taken as a whole, acts as a part of speech and generally functions as an adverb or an adjective.
Prepositional phrase as an adverb
Remember than an adverb modifies an adjective, verb, another adverb or a clause, expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause or degree. As a prepositional phrase, it answers questions such as How? When? Where?
Example: (The prepositional phrase is bolded) Before I left my house, I made sure the door was locked. (When did I make sure the door was locked? Before I left my house.)
Prepositional phrase as an adjective
An adjective modifies nouns and answers questions such as What kind is it? How many are there? As a prepositional phrase, it answers the question Which one?
Example: The milk in the refrigerator has turned sour. (Which item has turned sour in the refrigerator? The milk.)
Important to know
One last thing to remember about prepositional phrases is that they will never contain the subject of the sentence.
My sister, along with her friends, watched a movie on DVD. (The subject is “my sister”; “her friends” are part of the prepositional phrase, not the subject.)
Once students learn to spot prepositional phrases in a sentence, they’ll become more comfortable adding them to their own writing.