Can superabsorbent polymer crystals absorb any other liquids besides water?

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Updated on Jul 22, 2013

In this experiment,determine if this crystal can absorbother liquids byadding them to orange juice, vegetable oil, milk, rubbing alcohol, vinegar, and club soda.

A hydrogel crystal (sometimes called a "disappearing crystal," "water crystal," or"superabsorbent gel,") is a long chain of molecules bonded together to form a superabsorbent polymerthat does not dissolve,but forms a gel when placed in water. Itis often used in gardening, landscaping, and farmingas a way of retaining moisture. The crystal is made up almost entirely of water. As the crystalsdry, water is slowly released to the soil. Some of these crystals can soak up as much as 500 times their weight in water! This superabsorbent characteristic makes hydrogel crystals useful in solvingwater conservation issues.


The investigator should not ingest the crystals or drink the liquids associated with the activity. The crystals used in the project are extremely slippery when spilled. Never flush or pour these crystals down the drain, as crystal swelling could possibly clog drainpipes.


  • Hydrogel superabsorbent crystals
  • 8 oz clear plastic cups
  • Measuring cup
  • Orange juice
  • Vegetable oil
  • Milk
  • 75% to 95% rubbing alcohol
  • White vinegar
  • Club soda
  • Distilled water

Research Questions

  • What is a hydrogel superabsorbent polymer crystal?
  • How did the hydrogel crystals change when placed in the various liquids?
  • Will a hydrogel superabsorbent polymer crystal absorb liquids other then water?
  • What liquids other then water if any will a hydrogel superabsorbent polymer absorb?
  • Why was distilled water used as a control?
  • What happens when the crystal gel dries out? Is the hydrogel crystal reusable?
  • How does the absorbency of the hydrogel compare with other materials that are absorbent: cotton balls, paper towels, sponges, etc?


  1. Using a measuring cup pour 4 ounces of orange juice, vegetable oil, milk, rubbing alcohol, vinegar, club soda, and distilled water into clear plastic cups.
  2. Place one or two crystals in each liquid. The crystals will begin to grow immediately.
  3. Observe what happens to the crystals after 30 minutes, 1 hour, and 1 ½ hours. How has the crystals changed?
  4. Allow the crystals to grow to a point where they cannot be seen clearly inside the cup.
  5. Measure the liquid left in each cup by poring the residue liquid into a measuring cup, using a stranger or paper filter to catch the crystals.
  6. Determine how much liquid is left after crystal absorption by subtracting the amount of liquid poured in the measuring cup from 4 ounces.
  7. For a more scientifically accurate investigation the entire processed should be repeated twice more. Record the results in a table similar to the one shown below.

Name of Liquid

Initial Amount

Amount after Crystal Addition

Amount Absorbed

Distilled water

4 Ounces

Orange juice

4 Ounces

Vegetable oil

4 Ounces

Whole milk

4 Ounces

Rubbing alcohol

4 Ounces

White vinegar

4 Ounces

Club soda

4 Ounces

  1. Using the data in the table plot a line or bar graph with the amount of liquid absorbed by the crystals along the y-axis and the name of each liquid along the x-axis.


Hydrogel crystal polymers can absorb other aqueous liquids. This is especially true if water is present in the liquids, as in the case of orange juice, milk, white vinegar, and club soda. There will be little to no absorption orcrystal swelling in the vegetable oil or rubbing alcohol.

Digging Deeper

As an extension to this project, take the now jelly-like polymer crystals and spread them out on a piece of wax paper. Using a ruler, measure and record the size of the crystals.Allow the crystals to sit in the sunlight for several days. As the polymer sits in the warm sunlight, the liquid will evaporate, and the crystals will shrink.After several days, measure and record the size of the polymer crystals.Were there any differences in the rate and size of crystal shrinkage between the differentliquids that they were in?

Mike Calhoun is a consultant for the National Science Teachers Association, a veteran science teacher, and hosts an online science website. Over the years Mike has studied trends in science, education, and finance, conducting research, developing programs, and writing articles on these topics.

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