What I thought would happen (my hypothesis) was that all the seeds would germinate and grow at different times. My results showed that most of the seeds germinated on day 3 or 4. We did have some seeds that took longer and 2 that did not germinate at all.
Difficulty of the Project
- Wash hands
- Make sure an adult is present
- Be careful when touching germinated seeds so that you don’t pull them out.
Time Taken to Complete the Project
I wanted to learn how long a pinto bean seed would take to germinate and compare it to a kidney bean seed and a pinto bean seed planted in the dark.
- Paper towels
- 3 – 10 oz. clear plastic cups
- 12 pinto beans
- 6 kidney beans
- 2 paper lunch bags
- Tap water
- Magnifying glass
- Journal to write down results
- Digital Camera
- The materials were found at the grocery store and in our house and were easy to find.
One way a plant grows is from a seed. When a seed sprouts it is called germination. The first sign that a seed is sprouting is when the seed coat or case breaks open and the root (or hypocotyls) pushes out. All seeds do not germinate in the same amount of time. The time it takes for a seed to begin to grow is called germination starting time (GST).
We read about seed and seed parts, plants and plant parts, germination, sprouting and germination starting time.
- How long will it take for a pinto bean seed to germinate?
- Do all seeds take the same amount of time to germinate?
- Do seeds need light to germinate?
- Put paper towel around the outside of a plastic cup
- Put crumpled up paper towels in the middle of a plastic cup
- Put seeds around the outside of the paper towel
- Water down the paper towels
- Cover the cup that will grow in the dark with 2 paper bags put together
- Check seeds 2 times a day for germination
- Mark outside of the cups as the seeds sprout
- Write down what happened in journal
- Take pictures
The pinto bean seeds germinated with no light were the fastest, at day 3 in the morning (4 seeds), day 4 in the morning (1 seed) and day 6 in the afternoon (1 seed). The pinto beans germinated in the light were next, germinating on day 3 in the afternoon (3 seeds), day 4 in the morning (1 seed), day 4 in the afternoon (1 seed) and 1 seed did not germinate. The kidney beans took the longest, germinating on day 4 in the morning (2 seeds) and afternoon (1 seed), day 7 in the afternoon (1 seed) and 2 seeds did not germinate.
I learned that the same kind of seeds do not all germinate at the same time – some are faster, some are slower and some do not germinate at all. Different kinds of seeds germinate in different times.
- What if I used seeds that are not beans?
- Would the germination time be different if I did this at a different time of year?
- One seed is planted, but how many more seeds will that new plant have?
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Fowler, Allan. From Seed to Plant. New York: Childrens Press, 2001.
Fowler, Allan. Taking Root. New York: Childrens Press, 2000.
Hickman, Pamela. A Seed Grows, Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Kids Can Press, LTD., 1997.
Holub, Joan. Spring is Here – A Story About Seeds. New York: Aladdin, 2008.
Marzollo, Jean. I’m a Seed. New York: Scholastic, Inc., 1996.
VanCleve, Janice. Plants – Mind-Boggling Experiments You Can Turn into Science Fair Projcts. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1997.
Wade, Mary Dodson. Seeds Sprout. Berkleyheights, N.J.: Enslow Bublishing, Inc., 2009.