Science project

Exploring the "Breaking Up" of Pangaea


There is a theory that the continents of the Earth have not always been where they are now. This theory is called the continental drift and was developed by a German meteorologist named Alfred Wegener. He claimed that at one time there was only one landmass on Earth which he called Pangea. He hypothesized that over time the continents had broken apart and moved.

Research Questions

  • How could Earth’s continents fit together to form Pangea?
  • What are different theories about how Pangea broke apart?

Terms to Know

  • Plate tectonics
  • Continental drift
  • Pangea
  • Crustal plates


  • Waxed paper
  • Water
  • Bowl
  • Spoon
  • 1 teaspoon of salt
  • 1 cup of flour

Experimental Procedure

  1. Mix 1 cup of flour, 1 teaspoon of salt, and small amount of water in a bowl until it is moist enough to stay in a ball. Knead the dough until it is a smooth consistency.
  2. Using your hands, press the mixture onto waxed paper making sure it is flattened.
  3. Set the dough in the sun for two days, until it dries completely.
  4. After the dough is completely dry, use your hands to “erode” the “crustal plate” by pushing down on the outside edges until it cracks. How does this model how Pangea could have broken apart? Why do you think the plates may now have irregular shapes?


Disclaimer and Safety Precautions provides the Science Fair Project Ideas for informational purposes only. does not make any guarantee or representation regarding the Science Fair Project Ideas and is not responsible or liable for any loss or damage, directly or indirectly, caused by your use of such information. By accessing the Science Fair Project Ideas, you waive and renounce any claims against that arise thereof. In addition, your access to's website and Science Fair Project Ideas is covered by's Privacy Policy and site Terms of Use, which include limitations on's liability.

Warning is hereby given that not all Project Ideas are appropriate for all individuals or in all circumstances. Implementation of any Science Project Idea should be undertaken only in appropriate settings and with appropriate parental or other supervision. Reading and following the safety precautions of all materials used in a project is the sole responsibility of each individual. For further information, consult your state's handbook of Science Safety.

Add to collection

Create new collection

Create new collection

New Collection


New Collection>

0 items