Science project

Plants Need Sunlight and Water


  • Twelve small, easy and fast to grow plants in pots (bean plants work well). Really only four plants are necessary, but it’s good to have the extras in case one or two don’t make it for reasons outside of the experiment.
  • Sharpie for labeling pots
  • A sunny place
  • A dark place (e.g. a closet)
  • Water and watering container
  • Paper and pencil/crayons for recording results


  1. Begin with 12 small, healthy plants. Divide them into four groups.
  2. Label the pots with words or simple pictures, three pots each: sun, water, sun and water, nothing (neither sun nor water).
  3. Keep the “sun” plants in the sunny spot; keep the others in the dark place.
  4. Water the “water” plants daily or as necessary for your climate. Do not water the others.
  5. Check on the plants daily and record your findings in a chart labeled with the date along the left and each of the four categories along the top. (Younger children may of course need help with this. Alternatively children may periodically make drawings of the plants that an adult can then post in a large wall chart.) Some observations you might make: What color are the plants? How tall are they? Are they getting new leaves? How do they feel (brittle, fleshy)?
  6. Continue the experiment for as long as is necessary/appropriate.
Disclaimer and Safety Precautions provides the Science Fair Project Ideas for informational purposes only. does not make any guarantee or representation regarding the Science Fair Project Ideas and is not responsible or liable for any loss or damage, directly or indirectly, caused by your use of such information. By accessing the Science Fair Project Ideas, you waive and renounce any claims against that arise thereof. In addition, your access to's website and Science Fair Project Ideas is covered by's Privacy Policy and site Terms of Use, which include limitations on's liability.

Warning is hereby given that not all Project Ideas are appropriate for all individuals or in all circumstances. Implementation of any Science Project Idea should be undertaken only in appropriate settings and with appropriate parental or other supervision. Reading and following the safety precautions of all materials used in a project is the sole responsibility of each individual. For further information, consult your state's handbook of Science Safety.

Add to collection

Create new collection

Create new collection

New Collection


New Collection>

0 items