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African Savanna Animal Adaptations: Camouflage
The savanna is a kind of biome (a community of similar ecosystems that share the same climate) primarily made up of grasses and trees. In a savanna, the trees are more scattered than in the forest, which allows the grass to thrive. There are savannas all over the earth—in Africa, Asia, South America, and Australia. As with any biome, the savanna presents certain conditions that animal and plant life must adapt to in order to survive.
A dry season is one characteristic of a savanna biome. Animals adapt to the shortage of water and food through various ways, including migrating (moving to another area) and hibernating until the season is over. Grazing animals, like gazelles and zebras, feed on grasses and often use camouflage to protect themselves from predators when they are roaming in the open. Some animals, such as small mammals and rodents, use camouflage to blend in with their surroundings and have grass-colored tan fur. These small animals also avoid predators by burrowing underground and by being nocturnal (active during nighttime).
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