Science Fair Project:

Tsunamis, Earthquakes and Meteors

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Materials:

  • Clear plastic or glass container at least a few feet long (the longer the better)
  • Measuring tape
  • Marker
  • Rubber mallet
  • Wooden table
  • Large rock

Procedure

  1. Place the container on the table.
  2. Fill the container with water to only about 10% of its height.
  3. Use a marker to make a line on the container where the water level is.
  4. Using the rubber mallet, pound the top of the table with enough force to generate a wave through the water.
  5. Watch the water through the tank and mark on the tank how high the wave reaches. Label this “trial 1” on the glass.
  6. Using the rubber mallet, pound the side of the table with enough force to generate a wave through the water. Try to hit the table as hard as you did in the first trial.
  7. Watch the water through the tank and mark on the tank how high the wave reaches. Label this “trial 2” on the glass.
  8. Using the rubber mallet, pound the bottom of the table, underneath the tank, with enough force to generate a wave through the water. Try to hit the table as hard as you did in the first trial.
  9. Watch the water through the tank and mark on the tank how high the wave reaches. Label this “trial 3” on the glass.
  10. (optional) Repeat steps 4-9 one or two more times. Make sure that you continue the numbering so that your fourth trial is labeled “trial 4” etc.
  11. If you are using a glass tank, you will need to drop the rock from a low height so it does not break the glass. Placing a towel at the bottom of the tank will also help protect it from damage.
  12. Drop the rock into the water.
  13. Watch the water through the tank and mark on the tank how high the wave reaches. Label this “rock 1” on the glass.
  14. optional) Repeat steps 12 and 13 one or two more times, the same as you did with the earthquake simulation.
  15. Using a chart such as the one below, record the results of your experiment by measuring the distance from the baseline of the water to the maximum height of the tsunami.

Tsunami

Height

Trial 1

Trial 2

Trial 3

Rock

Author: Crystal Beran
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