Guided Lessons

# Fractions

#### Fractions as Parts of a Set

Fractions can be taught by using shapes and by using sets, or groups. Help students make connections between fractions and talking about parts of groups. For example, they may use the word “half” but not realize that it refers to a fraction. Teaching about fractions as parts of a set is also a great way to introduce the concepts of numerators and denominators.

#### Fractions and Fair Shares

The first step in understanding fractions is understanding how a whole can be divided into equal parts. Next, it is important to show children how fractions are represented. Just as we have words that name objects, we have ways to identify fractional amounts. The bottom number, the denominator, indicates how many equal parts the whole was divided into. The top number, the numerator, indicates how many of those divided parts you are counting, or identifying.

#### Fractions on a Number Line

Using a number line can be an effective way to help children visualize fractions. Number lines can help children understand how fractions relate to each other and serve as a helpful tool to use when adding and subtracting fractions.

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