Guided Lessons

# Fractions as parts of a set

#### Tell Real-World Stories

This strategy focuses on making sense of real-world situations involving fractions as part of a set.

• Tell the following story: Ten people came over for dinner. Half of them were vegetarian, while the other half ate meat. How many people were vegetarian?

• Have your child draw pictures of ten people to help solve the problem.

• Remind your child that a half is ½, which means one out of two equal groups.

• Show your child how to divide the pictures of people into two equal groups.

• Instruct your child to count how many people are in each group.

• Tell your child that ½ of 10 is 5.

• Repeat this process with bigger or smaller numbers and fractions depending on your child’s age and fluency with fractions. #### Draw Pictures

This strategy focuses on drawing pictures as a way of understanding fractions as part of a set.

• Ask your child to figure out what ¼ of 8 is.

• Have your child draw eight circles.

• Remind your child that a ¼ is one out of four equal groups.

• Show your child how to divide the circles into four equal groups.

• Instruct your child to count how many circles are in each group.

• Tell your child that ¼ of 8 is 2.

• Repeat this process with bigger or smaller numbers and fractions depending on your child’s age and fluency with fractions. #### Solve Equations

This strategy focuses on using multiplication to solve problems involving fractions as parts of a set.

• Write an equation for your child to solve. For example, ⅓ x 9 = ___.

• Explain that this is the same as figuring out ⅓ of 9.

• Have your child use pictures to help solve the problem.

• Repeat this process with bigger or smaller numbers and fractions depending on your child’s age and fluency with fractions.

#### Common Core Standards

• 3.NF

Number and Operations-Fractions