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1. What is No Child Left Behind?
No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) is part of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, a reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). NCLB sets high standards and accountability for student achievement to make sure that all children are caught up to 21st century learning.
2. NCLB is Federally Funded
No Child Left Behind spends more money on education than ever before. Schools with low income families are given Title I funds to use toward improvement. NCLB spends more than a billion dollars a year on Reading First, a program that makes sure children know how to read.
3. NCLB Emphasizes Accountability for Academics
Schools are responsible for making sure that all children are learning. States must develop proficiency standards for math and reading. Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) is the minimum benchmark that each student and district should meet. Schools that meet their AYP goals are rewarded, and schools that do not make their AYP goals 2 years in a row are labeled "in need of improvement."
4. Annual Assessments Are Standardized by State
Yearly state assessments are given to children in grades 3 through 8 and at least once in high school to measure what they know. States can compare the scores of schools to determine which ones need more help.
5. Each School and District Receives a Report Card
Report cards are given for each school and district to show if they are succeeding. School District Report Cards show which subgroups make AYP in specific academic areas.
6. NCLB Gives States and School Districts Flexible Funds
No Child Left Behind gives states and school districts the flexibility to use funds where they are needed most. NCLB recognizes that local officials better know their community needs and how to distribute funds.
7. NCLB Encourages Scientifically Based Teaching Strategies
NCLB funds instructional programs that have been researched and proven to be successful. Rather than allowing teachers to experiment with educational fads, students are educated with scientifically proven teaching strategies.
8. NCLB Offers Parents Options
Parents have the option to move their child from a school that is failing to a better performing school within the district. If the school fails to meet AYP goals for 3 years in a row, children are eligible for additional activities, like free tutoring and after-school instruction.
9. NCLB Promotes Childhood Literacy
Reading First is a program funded by NCLB that provides that all children are at grade level in reading ability by the 3rd grade. States are given federal money to support research-based reading programs.
10. NCLB Emphasizes Teacher Quality
NCLB provides funding for teachers to become better teachers. NCLB also mandates that all teachers should be licensed to teach, hold at least a bachelors degree, and be highly qualified in the subject they are teaching.