EL Support Lesson

Fact or Opinion

Help your ELs learn to understand and differentiate between fact and opinion through the analysis of nonfiction text. This can be a stand-alone lesson or a support lesson to the Fact or Opinion: Part 1 lesson plan.
This lesson can be used as a pre-lesson for the Fact or Opinion: Part 1 lesson plan.
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This lesson can be used as a pre-lesson for the Fact or Opinion: Part 1 lesson plan.

Students will be able to identify facts and opinions.

  • Students will be able to find facts and opinions in a nonfiction text.
  • Students will be able to use new vocabulary words using sentence frames.
(2 minutes)
  • Project and complete the Frayer Model worksheet for the word fact, and check student comprehension throughout by asking students to orally repeat the definition or provide examples.
  • Tell students that today they will analyze sentences to help them understand how to find the difference between facts and opinions.
(10 minutes)
  • Explain to students that they'll learn how to find the facts and opinions related to monkeys, but first they'll learn new vocabulary terms. Present the vocabulary terms. Use visuals and/or sentences as you define each word and allow students to discuss how the visual relates to the new word.
  • Post the other Frayer Models around the room and remind students of how to complete the models. Conduct a carousel activity by separating the students into groups of three or four and ask them to rotate from one Frayer Model to another. Each group will have their own colored pencil to add thoughts and notes about the vocabulary words.
  • Separate students into groups with a completed Frayer Model and have them answer questions aloud about the word. For example:
    • What does the word mean?
    • In what subject can you use the word?
  • Have students use sentence frames from the worksheet for support in their oral discussion.
  • Allow students to create and share aloud their own sentences with the new vocabulary words. For example: "I can communicate our ideas to my partner."
(10 minutes)
  • Distribute the Fact or Opinion: Howler Monkeys worksheet, read the directions to the students, and ask them to circle the new vocabulary words.
  • Read the first sentence. Ask a volunteer to reread the sentence and have students pick out the unfamiliar words or phrases.
  • Think aloud to model analyzing the sentence. Ask students: Is this a fact? Is it an opinion? How do we know? Have students underline words that are clues.
  • Have students work independently on the second sentence.
  • Choose non-volunteers to share their answers and ask students to correct their answers as necessary.
(10 minutes)
  • Have students work with partners on the rest of the sentences. Students should alternate between reading sentences aloud and analyzing.
  • Provide sentence stems and frames for students to share with partners as they work. For example:
    • This sentence is a fact because ____.
    • This is an opinion because ____.
(5 minutes)
  • Assess students' understanding of facts and opinions by evaluating their accuracy on the Frayer Models, partner talk, Fact or Opinion worksheet, and participation throughout the class.
(3 minutes)
  • Call students up in small groups to use a pencil or marker to add one fact to the "fact" grafitti wall and one opinion to the "opinion" grafitti wall. Explain that the facts and opinions they add do not have to be related to howler monkeys.
  • Allow students to volunteer their responses and use them as an assessment of how to continue with your teaching of facts and opinions.

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