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Students will be able to distinguish facts and opinions.
- Tell the students that today they are going to learn about facts, true statements, and opinions, which are personal views or attitudes that might change.
- Activate prior knowledge by asking questions. For example: What is a fact? What is an opinion?
- Have students write the words fact and opinion and copy down the definitions onto a piece of loose leaf paper.
Beginning: Have ELs tell a partner the definitions of fact and opinion, either in English or their home language (L1). If needed, provide the following sentence stems: "A fact is ____." "An opinion is ____."
Intermediate: Have ELs tell a partner the definitions of fact and opinion.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(20 minutes)
- Draw a KWL (know, want to know, learned) chart on the board, and have students tell you what they think they know about howler monkeys, or whatever your chosen topic is, and what they want to know about them.
- Pre-read by looking over the pictures and seeing if there are any "facts" on the KWL chart that can already be marked as either an opinion or falsehood (something that can be disproved).
- Read Meet the Howlers aloud to the class.
- Discuss what "facts" turned out not to be facts and why some are opinions. For example, the idea that howler monkeys don't have tails is a falsehood because it can be disproved, and the idea that monkeys like to sing is an opinion.
Beginning: Give definitions as you read Meet the Howlers for the following words: claim, clings, hitches, nag.
Intermediate: Allow ELs to verbally summarize Meet the Howlers.
Guided Practice(5 minutes)
- Hand out the Fact or Opinion worksheet.
- Read the first passage together, and determine as a class whether or not the passage contains facts or opinions.
- Answer any questions your students may have before independent working time.
- Allow ELs to use an online illustrated dictionary or give them definitions from the Fact or Opinion worksheet for the following words: dairy farm, flour, preheat, spoonful, teaspoon.
- Pair ELs with sympathetic non-EL and have them alternate reading sentences within the first case aloud.
Intermediate: Ask ELs to repeat directions to show their understanding.
Independent working time(15 minutes)
- Ask students to complete the second case of the Fact or Opinion worksheet.
- Next, tell students to write their favorite howler monkey fact that they learned on the back of the completed worksheet. Have them write an opinion about the monkeys.
- Write what your students learned in the L column of the chart.
- Allow ELs to continue working with a partner to complete the second case.
- Allow students to use sentence frames. For example: "My favorite howler monkey fact is ____ because ____."
Intermediate: Allow intermediate ELs to use sentence stems about howler monkeys. For example: "In my opinion, ____."
Enrichment: Encourage your students to use other resources to find information on the howler monkeys. Have them research another topic and write a paragraph that has both facts and opinions.
Support: Give your students the coloring page to complete, and have them write their own opinions about monkeys on the other side of the paper.
Computers or tablets can be used for students to research facts.
Beginning: Translate difficult vocabulary into EL's home language using an online bilingual dictionary.
Intermediate: Use rewordify.com to simplify text from the book and/or worksheet.
Assess students through observation of interaction during the KWL chart and working periods.
Beginning: Provide oral directions in simplified sentences and ask them to repeat the instructions.
Intermediate: Provide sentence stems during oral KWL assessments.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Remind your students of the definitions of fact and opinion.
- Close by having your students reflect on the importance of distinguishing facts and opinions.
Beginning: Provide sentence frames for ELs to turn to their partner and use fact and opinion in context.
Intermediate: Provide sentence frames for ELs to turn to their partner and use fact and opinion in context.